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We have attempted to determine whether interleukin-5 (IL-5), a cytokine that selectively affects eosinophil (as opposed to neutrophil) differentiation and activation, also modulates eosinophil migrational responses. Using a modified Boyden chemotaxis assay, IL-5, IL-3, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) gave a weak locomotory(More)
Interleukin-8 (IL-8), a pro-inflammatory cytokine with potent neutrophil chemotactic activity, was studied for its effect on eosinophil migration responses, in vitro. Normal density eosinophils were isolated from healthy, non-atopic subjects (<0.35 x 10(9) eosinophils/l) and individuals with various diseases associated with a blood eosinophilia (range 0.56(More)
We have previously shown that allergen inhalation by asthmatics is associated with increases in bone marrow eosinophil/basophil colony-forming cells (Eo/B-CFU), and increases in CD34(+) hemopoietic progenitors expressing the alpha-subunit of the IL-5 receptor (IL-5Ralpha). This study investigated the effect of inhaled corticosteroid on baseline numbers and(More)
BACKGROUND IL-5 plays a central role in eosinophil and basophil differentiation, exerting its effects through the IL-5 receptor (IL-5Ralpha). Currently, little is known concerning regulation of IL-5Ralpha expression in the context of commitment of hemopoietic progenitor cells to the eosinophil and basophil lineages. OBJECTIVE Because all-trans retinoic(More)
BACKGROUND Eosinophils develop from CD34(+) progenitors under the influence of IL-5. Atopic asthmatic individuals have increased numbers of mature eosinophils and eosinophil pro-genitors within their bone marrow and bronchial mucosa. We have previously reported that anti-IL-5 monoclonal antibody treatment decreases total bone marrow and bronchial mucosal(More)
BACKGROUND Several chemokines, notably eotaxin, mediate the recruitment of eosinophils into tissues via the CCR3 receptor. OBJECTIVE In this study, we investigated the role of CCR3 agonists in asthma by observing the effect of a small molecule antagonist of the CCR3 receptor (GW766994) on sputum eosinophil counts in patients with eosinophilic asthma. (More)
Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) may represent a mode of allergy prevention. Cord blood (CB) CD34+ hemopoietic progenitors are altered in infants at risk of atopy. We therefore studied the effects of dietary n-3 PUFA supplementation during pregnancy on numbers and function of progenitors in neonates at high risk of atopy. In a double-blind(More)
Cysteinyl leukotrienes promote airway smooth muscle (ASM) contraction and proliferation. Little is known about their role in ASM migration. We investigated this using cultured human ASMs (between the second and fifth passages) obtained from the large airways of resected nonasthmatic lung. Platelet-derived growth factor-BB (1 ng/ml) promoted significant(More)
We have proposed previously that hemopoietic myeloid progenitors contribute to the ongoing recruitment of proinflammatory cells, namely eosinophils, to sites of allergen challenge in allergic diseases such as asthma. In this study, we investigated the involvement of bone marrow-derived progenitors in the development of allergen-induced pulmonary(More)
There is increasing evidence that primitive progenitors migrate from the bone marrow (BM) via the peripheral circulation to tissue sites where they undergo in situ differentiation to provide a continued source of effector cells, such as eosinophils, during an allergic inflammatory response. To study mechanisms of progenitor cell mobilization in allergic(More)