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We have attempted to determine whether interleukin-5 (IL-5), a cytokine that selectively affects eosinophil (as opposed to neutrophil) differentiation and activation, also modulates eosinophil migrational responses. Using a modified Boyden chemotaxis assay, IL-5, IL-3, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) gave a weak locomotory(More)
We investigated the mechanisms by which leukotriene receptor antagonists decrease airway eosinophil number. In a randomized, double-blind crossover study, we examined the effects of 2 weeks of treatment with pranlukast 300 mg twice a day or placebo on allergen-induced changes in airway eosinophil number and bone marrow eosinophil progenitors in 15 subjects(More)
Asthmatic responses are associated with the lung homing of bone marrow (BM)-derived progenitors implicated as effectors of disease pathology. Studies have shown that increases in lung extracted vascular endothelial progenitor cells (VEPCs) correlate with airway angiogenesis and declining lung function. We investigated the effect of modulating lung homing of(More)
UNLABELLED IL-5 is the primary cytokine that stimulates the production and survival of eosinophils and basophils from progenitor cells. The inhaled glucocorticoid, budesonide, has been shown to exert a therapeutic effect via suppression of eosinophil/basophil progenitors in vivo. Since various steroids have exhibited the ability to enhance(More)
BACKGROUND The alarmin cytokines IL-25 and IL-33 are key promoters of type 2 inflammation. Basophils respond to alarmin cytokines, however the relationship of these cytokines with basophil activation and recruitment in human studies of allergic asthma has not been well characterized. This study investigated the effect of IL-25 and IL-33 on basophils in a(More)
BACKGROUND Asthmatic responses involve a systemic component where activation of the bone marrow leads to mobilization and lung-homing of progenitor cells. This traffic may be driven by stromal cell derived factor-1 (SDF-1), a potent progenitor chemoattractant. We have previously shown that airway angiogenesis, an early remodeling event, can be inhibited by(More)
Eosinophil migration to the lung is primarily regulated by the eosinophil-selective family of eotaxin chemokines, which mobilize intracellular calcium (Ca(2+)) and orchestrate myriad changes in cell structure and function. Eosinophil function is also known to be flow-dependent, although the molecular cognate of this mechanical response has yet to be(More)
Airway inflammation is considered to be the primary component contributing to the heterogeneity and severity of airway disorders. Therapeutic efficacies of diverse novel biologics targeting the inflammatory pathways are under investigation. One such target is IL-5, a type-1 cytokine that is central to the initiation and sustenance of eosinophilic airway(More)
BACKGROUND Shortly after allergen exposure, the number of bone marrow (BM) and circulating CD34(+) progenitors increases. We aim to analyze the possible mechanism whereby the allergic reaction stimulates BM to release these effector cells in increased numbers. We hypothesize that mast cells (MCs) may play a predominant role in this process. OBJECTIVE To(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-interleukin (IL)-5 monoclonal antibodies as an eosinophil-depleting strategy is well established, with Mepolizumab being the first biologic approved as an adjunct treatment for severe eosinophilic asthma. CASE PRESENTATION A 62-year old woman diagnosed with severe eosinophilic asthma showed poor response to Mepolizumab therapy (100 mg(More)