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There is increasing evidence that primitive progenitors migrate from the bone marrow (BM) via the peripheral circulation to tissue sites where they undergo in situ differentiation to provide a continued source of effector cells, such as eosinophils, during an allergic inflammatory response. To study mechanisms of progenitor cell mobilization in allergic(More)
BACKGROUND Eosinophils develop from CD34(+) progenitors under the influence of IL-5. Atopic asthmatic individuals have increased numbers of mature eosinophils and eosinophil pro-genitors within their bone marrow and bronchial mucosa. We have previously reported that anti-IL-5 monoclonal antibody treatment decreases total bone marrow and bronchial mucosal(More)
T-cell-mediated airway inflammation is considered to be critical in the pathogenesis of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR). We have described a mouse model in which chronic allergen exposure results in sustained AHR and aspects of airway remodeling and here sought to determine whether eliminating CD4(+) and CD8(+) cells, at a time when airway remodeling had(More)
We have previously shown that allergen inhalation by asthmatics is associated with increases in bone marrow eosinophil/basophil colony-forming cells (Eo/B-CFU), and increases in CD34(+) hemopoietic progenitors expressing the alpha-subunit of the IL-5 receptor (IL-5Ralpha). This study investigated the effect of inhaled corticosteroid on baseline numbers and(More)
Cysteinyl leukotrienes promote airway smooth muscle (ASM) contraction and proliferation. Little is known about their role in ASM migration. We investigated this using cultured human ASMs (between the second and fifth passages) obtained from the large airways of resected nonasthmatic lung. Platelet-derived growth factor-BB (1 ng/ml) promoted significant(More)
Dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) may represent a mode of allergy prevention. Cord blood (CB) CD34+ hemopoietic progenitors are altered in infants at risk of atopy. We therefore studied the effects of dietary n-3 PUFA supplementation during pregnancy on numbers and function of progenitors in neonates at high risk of atopy. In a double-blind(More)
Allergen inhalation is associated with increased eosinophil/basophil progenitors in bone marrow 24 hours after allergen inhalation. This study examined the kinetics of eosinophilopoiesis in dual (n = 14), compared with isolated early, responders (n = 12). Dual responders, in contrast to isolated early responders, develop significant sputum and blood(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with severe eosinophilic asthma, local maturation rather than systemic recruitment of mature cells might contribute to persistent airway eosinophilia. Group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) are a major source of type 2 cytokines (IL-5 and IL-13) and can facilitate eosinophilic inflammatory responses in mouse models of asthma in the(More)
We have proposed previously that hemopoietic myeloid progenitors contribute to the ongoing recruitment of proinflammatory cells, namely eosinophils, to sites of allergen challenge in allergic diseases such as asthma. In this study, we investigated the involvement of bone marrow-derived progenitors in the development of allergen-induced pulmonary(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence that hemopoietic progenitor cells may traffic from bone marrow to sites of allergen exposure in asthma and undergo in situ differentiation, contributing to ongoing airway inflammation. However, the isolation and detailed phenotyping of true CD34 + progenitors from lung tissue during an allergen-induced airway(More)