Learn More
alpha-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH, alpha-melanotropin) and agouti control the switch between eumelanin and pheomelanin synthesis in mammalian melanocytes. Here we investigated interactions between alpha-MSH, agouti protein, cAMP elevating agents and phorbol ester on mouse B16 melanoma cells. Agouti (Kd 3.7 nmol/l) and alpha-MSH (Kd 2.3 nmol/l)(More)
Progression of HIV-induced immunodeficiency is associated with both B cell activation and an increased proportion of Vdelta1+ T cells in PBL. To examine whether the peripheral expansion of Vdelta1+ cells is driven by activated B cells, we isolated CD19+ PBL from HIV+ individuals at different stages of infection and used them to stimulate Vdelta1+ T cell(More)
An analogue of human melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) suitable for radioiodination was designed in which Tyr13 was replaced by Phe and Val19 by Tyr. The resulting monoiodinated [125I] [Phe13,Tyr19]-MCH radioligand was biologically active and led to the discovery of high-affinity binding sites on mouse B16-F1, G4F and G4F-7 melanoma cells. Saturation(More)
A photoreactive analogue of human melanin-concentrating hormone was designed, [D-Bpa13,Tyr19-MCH, containing the D-enantiomer of photolabile p-benzoylphenylalanine (Bpa) in position 13 and tyrosine for radioiodination in position 19. The linear peptide was synthesized by the continuous-flow solid-phase methodology using Fmoc-strategy and PEG-PS resins,(More)
An analogue of human melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) suitable for radioiodination was designed in which Tyr13 and Val19 of the natural peptide were replaced by phenylalanyl and tyrosyl residues: [Phe13, Tyr19]-MCH. The peptide was synthesized by the continuous-flow solid-phase methodology using Fmoc-strategy and polyhipe PA 500 and PEG-PS resins. The(More)
The neuropeptide melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is expressed in central and peripheral tissues where it participates in the complex network regulating energy homeostasis as well as in other physiologically important functions. Two MCH receptor subtypes, MCH-R1 and MCH-R2, have been cloned which signal through activation of Gi/o/q proteins and hence(More)
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a neuropeptide occurring in the brain of all vertebrate species. In chromatophores of teleost fishes it induces pigment granule aggregation. In mammals, however, its physiological function is not yet clear. Attempts to identify the site(s) of its action by binding analysis failed because radioiodinated MCH with the(More)
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a neuropeptide present in the brain of all vertebrates. For the characterization of MCH receptors, a monoiodinated [Phe13, Tyr19]-MCH radioligand analogue was developed. The high susceptibility of [125I]-[Phe13, Tyr19]-MCH to oxidative damage and its very lipophilic nature made it necessary to develop new MCH(More)
The melanotropin (MSH) receptor of mouse B16-F1 melanoma cells was characterized by photoaffinity cross-linking, using a potent alpha-MSH photolabel, [norleucine4, D-phenylalanine7, 1'-(2-nitro-4-azidophenylsulfenyl)-tryptophan9]-alpha-melanotropin (Naps-MSH). Its monoiodinated form, 125I-Naps-MSH, displayed a approximately 6.5-fold higher biological(More)