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Objective: To analyse the current vitamin intake and the contribution of dietary supplements to this intake of 4030 participants of the German Nutrition Survey (GeNuS) 1998, which was part of the representative German National Health Interview and Examination Survey (GNHIES), conducted from October 1997 until March 1999.Design: In the GeNuS participants(More)
Objective: To explore differences in food and nutrient intake as well as cardiovascular risk factors between the eastern and western parts of Germany in 1998 and to compare food consumption information between 1991 and 1998.Design and subjects: In all, 4030 people, aged 18–79 y, sampled from the East and West parts of Germany participated in the German(More)
The objective of the study was to analyse macronutrient and food intakes of regular users (310 men, 495 women) and nonusers (1136 men, 1269 women) of vitamin and mineral supplements, aged 18–79 years. These were participants of the German Nutrition Survey, which was part of the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey 1998. Information on(More)
BACKGROUND An unbalanced diet is a main risk factor for several chronic diseases. This paper identifies groups of individuals with an unbalanced diet based on the consumption of nutrients. A characterisation of the groups may help to focus efforts aimed at improving the dietary behaviour of the population. METHODS Using nutritional data of 1763 men and(More)
Europaweit einheitlich geltende Vorschriften für Nahrungsergänzungsmittel sehen vor, dass der Ableitung von einzusetzenden Höchstmengen auch Informationen zum Ernährungsverhalten zugrunde gelegt werden. Daher wurden das Supplementierungsverhalten in Deutschland sowie die Aufnahme von Mikronährstoffen (sowohl aus Supplementen als auch aus traditionellen(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse the dietary behaviour of persons engaging in different levels of sport activity. DESIGN A cross-sectional survey analysis. SETTING A population-based sample of German adults. SUBJECTS A total of 1756 men and 2254 women participating in the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey and the integrated German Nutrition(More)
BACKGROUND A high vitamin C intake was recently associated with lower blood pressure levels. We examined this association and compared it with that between blood pressure and fruit and vegetable intake among German adults. METHODS Complete data were available for 1,628 women and 1,340 men, aged 18-79 years, who participated in the German Nutrition Survey,(More)
Die Selbstmedikation mit OTC-Präparaten gewinnt in Deutschland und international zunehmend an Bedeutung. In dieser Arbeit werden Prävalenz und Determinanten der Selbstmedikation mit OTC-Präparaten in einer repräsentativen Stichprobe der deutschen erwachsenen Wohnbevölkerung zwischen 18 und 79 Jahren untersucht. Zu diesem Zweck wurden im Arzneimittelsurvey(More)
Recent regulations on supplement use in Europe address the necessity to include information on dietary intake to derive maximum amounts for vitamins and minerals in food supplements. Therefore, information about supplement use in Germany, as well as data on micronutrient intake (from supplements and traditional foods), in particular of persons who use(More)