Learn More
BACKGROUND Penicillin-resistant strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae are now found worldwide, and strains with resistance to cephalosporin are being reported. The appropriate antibiotic therapy for pneumococcal pneumonia due to resistant strains remains controversial. METHODS To examine the effect of resistance to penicillin and cephalosporin on mortality,(More)
An outbreak due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (ESBL-KP) was detected from May 1993 to June 1995. A total of 145 patients, particularly patients in intensive care units (ICUs) (107 patients [72%]), were colonized or infected. Infection developed in 92 (63%) patients, and primary bacteremia caused by ESBL-KP was the most(More)
Over the past three decades, antimicrobial resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae has dramatically increased worldwide. Non-susceptibility to penicillin in S. pneumoniae was first described in Australia in 1967, and later in New Guinea (1974), South Africa (1977), and Spain (1979). Most of these strains showed resistance to multiple antibiotics and belonged(More)
Three hundred thirty-one cases of brucellosis included in a 10-year prospective protocol were reviewed to identify and follow up patients with spondylitis. Of 20 patients (17 male and three female; mean age, 54 years), spondylitis was diagnosed soon after onset of the brucellosis in 15, there were significant systemic symptoms in 17, and blood cultures were(More)
Among 436 cases of brucellosis included in a 12-year prospective protocol, we identified 27 patients (6%) with cutaneous lesions (13 men and 14 women; mean age, 35.1 +/- 16.5 years). Twenty-one patients had positive blood cultures for Brucella melitensis. A disseminated violet-erythematous, papulonodular eruption (20 cases) and erythema nodosum-like lesions(More)
From 1988 to 1992, 27 of 855 cases of Escherichia coli bacteremia in nonneutropenic adult patients observed at our hospital were due to ciprofloxacin-resistant (CIPRO-R) strains. Eighteen episodes (67%) were community acquired, and nine (33%) were nosocomially acquired. Overall, the rates of E. coli bacteremia caused by CIPRO-R strains increased steadily(More)
We retrospectively studied 24 adults with bacteremic pneumonia (25 episodes) due to penicillin-resistant pneumococci, for which the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of penicillin G were 0.12 to 8.0 micrograms per milliliter; 79 percent of the strains showed multiple antibiotic resistance. As compared with 48 control patients with bacteremic(More)
BACKGROUND Nosocomial enterococcal infections have increased in various institutions, and patients with these infections had often been treated with cephalosporins during the previous weeks. The objective of this study was to determine whether the use of second- and third-generation cephalosporins is a risk factor for nosocomial enterococcal bacteremia(More)
From January 1979 to December 1990 we studied the susceptibility of 1,492 pneumococcal strains isolated from adult patients in Bellvitge Hospital, Barcelona, Spain, to nine antimicrobial agents. Among clinically significant pneumococci, the incidence of penicillin-resistant strains increased from 4.3% in 1979 to 40% in 1990, and that of(More)