Román Pallarés

Learn More
BACKGROUND Penicillin-resistant strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae are now found worldwide, and strains with resistance to cephalosporin are being reported. The appropriate antibiotic therapy for pneumococcal pneumonia due to resistant strains remains controversial. METHODS To examine the effect of resistance to penicillin and cephalosporin on mortality,(More)
An outbreak due to extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (ESBL-KP) was detected from May 1993 to June 1995. A total of 145 patients, particularly patients in intensive care units (ICUs) (107 patients [72%]), were colonized or infected. Infection developed in 92 (63%) patients, and primary bacteremia caused by ESBL-KP was the most(More)
Over the past three decades, antimicrobial resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae has dramatically increased worldwide. Non-susceptibility to penicillin in S. pneumoniae was first described in Australia in 1967, and later in New Guinea (1974), South Africa (1977), and Spain (1979). Most of these strains showed resistance to multiple antibiotics and belonged(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) after the introduction of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) in Spain and other European countries. METHODS We performed a 10-year prospective study including all children with culture-proven IPD admitted to Sant Joan de Deu Hospital, a children's center(More)
BACKGROUND A dramatic decrease in the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) was observed among children and adults in the United States after the introduction of the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7). Little is known about the incidence of IPD after PCV7 licensure in Europe. The objective of this study was to examine changes in the(More)
We reviewed 75 episodes of Aeromonas spp. bacteraemia observed at our institution in 1979-2002, with special reference to episodes occurring in elderly patients (> or = 65 y) and to nosocomial episodes. In addition, we compared monomicrobial bacteraemic episodes caused by Aeromonas spp. (n = 54) with those caused by Escherichia coli (n = 108) and(More)
Among 436 cases of brucellosis included in a 12-year prospective protocol, we identified 27 patients (6%) with cutaneous lesions (13 men and 14 women; mean age, 35.1 +/- 16.5 years). Twenty-one patients had positive blood cultures for Brucella melitensis. A disseminated violet-erythematous, papulonodular eruption (20 cases) and erythema nodosum-like lesions(More)
From January 1979 to December 1990 we studied the susceptibility of 1,492 pneumococcal strains isolated from adult patients in Bellvitge Hospital, Barcelona, Spain, to nine antimicrobial agents. Among clinically significant pneumococci, the incidence of penicillin-resistant strains increased from 4.3% in 1979 to 40% in 1990, and that of(More)
From 1988 to 1992, 27 of 855 cases of Escherichia coli bacteremia in nonneutropenic adult patients observed at our hospital were due to ciprofloxacin-resistant (CIPRO-R) strains. Eighteen episodes (67%) were community acquired, and nine (33%) were nosocomially acquired. Overall, the rates of E. coli bacteremia caused by CIPRO-R strains increased steadily(More)