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Methyllycaconitine (MLA), alpha-conotoxin ImI, and alpha-bungarotoxin inhibited the release of catecholamines triggered by brief pulses of acetylcholine (ACh) (100 microM, 5 s) applied to fast-superfused bovine adrenal chromaffin cells, with IC50s of 100 nM for MLA and 300 nM for alpha-conotoxin ImI and alpha-bungarotoxin. MLA (100 nM), alpha-conotoxin ImI(More)
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS) is a complex autosomal-dominant disease characterized by mental and growth retardation and skeletal abnormalities. A majority of the individuals diagnosed with RSTS carry heterozygous mutation in the gene CREBBP, but a small percentage of cases are caused by mutations in EP300. To investigate the contribution of p300 to RSTS(More)
Epigenetic transcriptional regulation by histone acetylation depends on the balance between histone acetyltransferase (HAT) and deacetylase activities (HDAC). Inhibition of HDAC activity provides neuroprotection, indicating that the outcome of cerebral ischemia depends crucially on the acetylation status of histones. In the present study, we characterized(More)
The cAMP-responsive element-binding protein (CREB) pathway has been involved in 2 major cascades of gene expression regulating neuronal function. The first one presents CREB as a critical component of the molecular switch that controls long-lasting forms of neuronal plasticity and learning. The second one relates CREB to neuronal survival and protection. To(More)
To investigate the role of CREB-mediated gene expression on the excitability of CA1 pyramidal neurons, we obtained intracellular recordings from pyramidal neurons of transgenic mice expressing a constitutively active form of CREB, VP16-CREB, in a regulated and restricted manner. We found that transgene expression increased the neuronal excitability and(More)
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS) is an inheritable disease associated with mutations in the gene encoding the CREB (cAMP response element-binding protein)-binding protein (CBP) and characterized by growth impairment, learning disabilities, and distinctive facial and skeletal features. Studies in mouse models for RSTS first suggested a direct role for CBP(More)
In chromaffin cells, plasma membrane calcium (Ca2+) channels and mitochondria constitute defined functional units controlling the availability of Ca2+ nearby exocytotic sites. We show here that, when L-/N-type Ca2+ channels were inhibited with nisoldipine and omega-conotoxin GVIA, cytosolic [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]c) peaks measured in fura-4F-loaded cells were(More)
Ca(2+) uptake by mitochondria is a potentially important buffering system able to control cytosolic [Ca(2+)]. In chromaffin cells, we have shown previously that stimulation of either Ca(2+) entry or Ca(2+) release via ryanodine receptors triggers large increases in mitochondrial [Ca(2+)] ([Ca(2+)](M)) approaching the millimolar range, whose blockade(More)
Mitochondria play an important role in the homeostasis of intracellular Ca(2+) and regulate its availability for exocytosis. Inhibitors of mitochondria Ca(2+) uptake such as protonophore CCCP potentiate the secretory response to a depolarizing pulse of K(+). Exposure of cells to agents that directly (cytochalasin D, latrunculin B) or indirectly (PMA)(More)
1. In this study we pose the question of why the bovine adrenal medullary chromaffin cell needs various subtypes (L, N, P, Q) of the neuronal high-voltage activated Ca2+ channels to control a given physiological function, i.e. the exocytotic release of catecholamines. One plausible hypothesis is that Ca2+ channel subtypes undergo different patterns of(More)