Rolland Holmes

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The development of quantitative single-cell immunoassays has provided a novel opportunity to demonstrate the isotype-specific immunoglobulin responses in normal and infected neonates. The reverse enzyme-linked immunospot assay was used to determine the number of immunoglobulin-secreting cells (IgSCs) in peripheral blood. Baseline numbers of IgSCs were(More)
K. Abe,21 T. Akagi,18,21 B. D. Anderson,7 P. L. Anthony,18 R. G. Arnold,1 T. Averett,5 H. R. Band,23 C. M. Berisso,9 P. Bogorad,15 H. Borel,6 P. E. Bosted,1 V. Breton,3 M. J. Buenerd,18 G. D. Cates,15 T. E. Chupp,10 S. Churchwell,9 K. P. Coulter,10 M. Daoudi,18 P. Decowski,17 R. Erickson,18 J. N. Fellbaum,1 H. Fonvieille,3 R. Gearhart,18 V. Ghazikhanian,8(More)
Neonates born to women with reactive serologic tests for syphilis were studied; the total of 116 included 18 who were symptomatic, 60 asymptomatic but possibly infected, and 38 asymptomatic and probably uninfected. The fluorescent treponemal antibody-absorption (FTA-ABS) 19S IgM test and an IgM capture ELISA for Treponema pallidum, both treponema-specific(More)
Mouse distal chromosome 2 was one of the earliest described imprinting regions. Maternal and paternal inheritance of the region is associated with opposite phenotypes affecting growth, development and behaviour. Mis-expression of proteins determined by the imprinted Gnas locus can account for the phenotypes. The imprinting domain in mouse distal chromosome(More)
An improved method for long-term perfusion of the isolated human term placental lobule has been developed to investigate the maternofetal transfer of infectious agents, in particular the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The purpose of this paper is to describe those modifications that allow for substantially prolonged perfusions in in a biohazard(More)
We report a measurement of the parity-violating asymmetry in fixed target electron-electron (Møller) scattering: A(PV)=[-175+/-30(stat)+/-20(syst)] x 10(-9). This first direct observation of parity nonconservation in Møller scattering leads to a measurement of the electron's weak charge at low energy Q(e)(W)=-0.053+/-0.011. This is consistent with the(More)
A prospective observational study of 104 women was performed to study whether the insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system in pregnancy before labour is associated with reduced fetal growth. Fetal blood was obtained by cordocentesis for prenatal diagnosis or at elective caesarean delivery and a maternal sample was also obtained, IGF-1 and IGF-2 and their(More)
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and their receptors in the fetus are essential for growth and postnatal survival but the role of maternal IGFs is less well understood. Animal and in vitro evidence suggests that maternal IGF-I may have important effects on placental function. Recent work in humans suggests that although there is no relationship between(More)