In the parafoveal retina of human observers, cone-mediated sensitivity to flicker decreases as rods become progressively more dark-adapted. This effect is greatest when a rod response to flicker is precluded. These results indicate that rods tonically inhibit cone pathways in the dark.
Subjects can accurately discriminate small changes in the relative position of features within a pattern. Simple patterns (intersected line segments) can undergo magnification and a variety of transformations without significantly affecting the discrimination thresholds. Features to be localized and compared need not be similar. We suggest that such… (More)
Sensitivity to rod-mediated (scotopic) flicker was parametrically studied in the parafoveal retina of human observers. Confirming prior studies, the present results show that sensitivity to scotopic flicker has many similarities to that at photopic levels. Specifically, our results show that the frequency response function for scotopic flicker is… (More)
This article presents the electrical and optical properties of LEDs for use as visual stimulators in neurophysiological and psychophysical research. one particular circuit is considered in detail which should enable an investigator with minimal technical expertise to build a high quality and versatile stimulator within a few hours and at a minimal cost.… (More)
1. The influence of rods on cone-mediated vision was assessed in eight human observers. To this end, increment threshold functions were obtained by determining thresholds of a cone-detected test flash (25 ms duration, 655 nm wave-length, 13' diameter) as a function of the illuminance of larger, 500 ms duration, rod-detected masking flashes. The type of… (More)
Reading rate with print size (reading performance) was studied in a group of 132 older readers with normal age-related vision using the Minnesota Low Vision Reading Acuity (MNREAD) test. Regression by a monotonic Weibull model had greater convergence success with lower residual error than either Logistic or Gompertz models. Reading performance by Weibull… (More)
We present a method for calibrating the Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope (SLO) that predicts radiant power at any of 256 grayscale values (gsv) and 12 polarized filter (polarizer) levels. Predicted power values, p(gsv), were determined by substitution into polynomials linearly transformed to old or new power at p(0) and p(255). This was compared with observed… (More)
Available output in the Scanning Laser Ophthalmoscope (SLO) may be expressed as radiant power at the beam pivot (SLO exit pupil), in units of microwatts (microW). This power corresponds to dimensions of brightness (like luminance and retinal illuminance) and to a range of related measures (like cd/m2, lm/m2, and the troland value) in both free and… (More)