Rolf Schwarzer

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Cancer cells frequently evade apoptosis during tumorigenesis by acquiring mutations in apoptotic regulators. Chronic activation of the PI 3-kinase-Akt pathway through loss of the tumor suppressor PTEN is one mechanism by which these cells can gain increased protection against apoptosis. We report here that REDD1 (RTP801) can act as a transcriptional(More)
Mitochondria are dynamic organelles that change morphology by controlled fission and fusion events. Mitochondrial fission is regulated by a conserved protein complex assembled at the outer membrane. Human MTP18 is a novel nuclear-encoded mitochondrial membrane protein, implicated in controlling mitochondrial fission. Upon overexpression of MTP18,(More)
We have identified TRB3, a human homologue of Drosophila tribbles, as a novel transcriptional target of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase. TRB3 expression is remarkably reduced in prostate cancer PC-3 cells after inhibition of PI 3-kinase. TRB3 expression is furthermore controlled by nutrient supplies: Both the lack of glucose or amino acids results in a(More)
A major pathogenetic mechanism in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) is constitutive activation of canonical nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p50/p65 signaling, controlling lymphoma cell proliferation and survival. Recently, we demonstrated that aberrant Notch1 activity is a negative regulator of the B cell program in B cell-derived Hodgkin and Reed–Sternberg (HRS)(More)
We identified a novel human cDNA encoding a mitochondrial protein, MTP18 (mitochondrial protein, 18 kDa) as a transcriptional downstream target of phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase signaling. We demonstrate that MTP18 mRNA as well as protein expression is dependent on PI 3-kinase activity. Confocal microscopy and biochemical fractionation revealed a(More)
Plasticity of committed mouse B cells has been demonstrated by inactivation of the B-cell commitment transcription factor PAX5, resulting in loss of the B-cell phenotype and differentiation into various hematopoietic lineages. Furthermore, mature mouse B cells could be reprogrammed into macrophages by overexpression of myeloid-specific transcription(More)
Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) is now recognized as a B-cell-derived lymphoma which is characterized by only about 1% malignant pathognomonic Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells and an abundant infiltrate of reactive bystander cells. HRS cells are unique with respect to their lost B-cell-specific gene expression pattern and recurrent genetic lesions.(More)
We have read with interest the paper by Ning et al. reporting a correlation between the cotransplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in allogeneic haemapoietic stem cell transplantation and a higher recurrence rate of malignant haematologic diseases. The authors concluded their paper by suggesting that ‘the use of MSCs must be handled with extreme(More)
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a lethal human cancer characterized by a clonal expansion of malignant plasma cells in bone marrow. Mouse models of human MM are technically challenging and do not always recapitulate human disease. Therefore, new mouse models for MM are needed. Mineral-oil induced plasmacytomas (MOPC) develop in the peritoneal cavity of(More)
A better understanding of events triggering chronic myeloid leukemia progression is critical for optimized clinical management of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). We sought to validate that increased expression of Musashi 2 (MSI2), a post-transcription regulator, is associated with progression and prognosis. Screening of 152 patients with CML showed that(More)