Learn More
In general, the liver is considered to be larger in males than in females. In the present study, data on liver weight from 728 legal autopsies were analyzed with respect to gender, age, body height (BH), body weight (BW), body mass index (BMI), and body surface area (BSA). Descriptive statistics revealed that liver weight increases with age, reaching(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Detection of tumor-derived DNA alterations in stool is an intriguing new approach with high potential for the noninvasive detection of colorectal cancer (CRC). Because of heterogeneity of tumors, usually multiple markers distributed throughout the human genome need to be analyzed. This is labor intensive and does not allow for high(More)
Organ dysfunction following liver resection is one of the major postoperative complications of liver surgery. The Pringle maneuver is often applied during liver resection to minimize bleeding, which in turn complicates the postoperative course owing to liver ischemia and reperfusion. Routinely, hepatocellular damage is diagnosed by, for example, abnormal(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the potential of postischemic intravenous infusion of the endogenous antioxidant glutathione (GSH) to protect the liver from reperfusion injury following prolonged warm ischemia. BACKGROUND DATA The release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by activated Kupffer cells (KC) and leukocytes causes reperfusion injury of the liver after(More)
Gemcitabine sensitizes tumor cells to radiation and cisplatin and thereby enhances the cytotoxic effect of gemcitabine. Here we report the efficacy and toxicity of concurrent chemoradiation with gemcitabine and cisplatin in the treatment of patients with locally advanced, unresectable pancreatic cancer. A total of 47 patients (29 men, 18 women; median age(More)
AIM To investigated the effects of intravenous administration of the antioxidant glutathione (GSH) on reperfusion injury following liver transplantation. METHODS Livers of male Lewis rats were transplanted after 24 h of hypothermic preservation in University of Wisconsin solution in a syngeneic setting. During a 2-h reperfusion period either saline(More)
Reduced tolerance of steatotic livers to ischemic injury is considered to correlate with impaired microcirculation. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of heat-shock preconditioning (HSPC) on microcirculatory failure after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) in steatotic livers by means of intra-vital fluorescence microscopy. Obese Zucker rats were(More)
BACKGROUND Microcirculatory failure, activation of Kupffer cells (KC), and the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are considered pivotal mechanisms of reperfusion injury after orthotopic liver transplantation. However, the sequence of these events and their impact on early graft function remain controversial. We therefore investigated whether KC(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM The generation of reactive oxygen species by activated Kupffer cells (KC) may contribute to reperfusion injury of the liver during liver transplantation or resection. The aim of our present studies was to investigate (1) prevention of hepatic reperfusion injury after warm ischemia by administration of the antioxidant glutathione (GSH) and (2)(More)
BACKGROUND The routine transplantation of steatotic livers could potentially mitigate the donor shortage, but so far is associated with a high rate of graft dysfunction. Steatosis and brain death have been perceived as independent risk factors, but they may synergistically target the hepatic microcirculation. This study compares the effects of brain death(More)