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To investigate the presence and possible function of ether-à-go-go-related gene (erg) K+ channels in human lactotroph cells (HERG channels), primary cultures were prepared from human prolactinoma tissue. In almost all primary cultures, HERG currents could be recorded in identified prolactin cells using an external high-K+ solution. The antiarrhythmic agent(More)
We have used a combination of high throughput functional genomics, computerized database mining and expression analyses to discover novel human tumor suppressor genes (TSGs). A genome-wide high throughput cDNA phenotype screen was established to identify genes that induce apoptosis or reduce cell viability. TSGs are expressed in normal tissue and frequently(More)
Apoptosis is mainly brought about by the activation of caspases, a protease family with unique substrate selectivity. In mammals, different complexes like the DISC complex or the apoptosome complexes have been delineated leading to the cleavage and thus activation of the executioner caspases. Although caspase-3 is the main executioner caspase in apoptosis(More)
When monolayer cultures of mouse 3T3 cells were infected with vaccinia virus, a rapid decrease of microfilament bundles was observed. The major disappearance of the cellular microfilaments occurred within the first hour after vaccinia virus infection, which is the period of uncoating of the virus core and early viral protein synthesis. The microfilament(More)
A genome-wide phenotype screen was used to identify factors and pathways that induce proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). HUVEC proliferation is a recognized marker for factors that modulate vascularization. Screening "hits" included known proangiogenic factors, such as VEGF, FGF1, and FGF2 and additional factors for which a(More)
Extracellular nucleotides exert a large number of physiological effects through activation of P2Y receptors. We expressed rat P2Y2 (rP2Y2) receptor, tagged with green fluorescent protein (GFP) in HEK-293 cells and visualized receptor translocation in live cells by confocal microscopy. Functional receptor expression was confirmed by determining [Ca2+]i(More)
A variety of valuable therapeutic proteins are expressed in mammalian cells. Currently, rate-limiting for secretion of recombinant glycoproteins are activities in the secretory pathway of eukaryotic cells, i.e., folding and glycosylation of the naked polypeptide chain. In this paper we provide evidence that elevation of expression level alone is sufficient(More)
Confluent AKR-2B fibroblasts rapidly disintegrate after serum deprivation.27 ATP or adenosine added immediately after serum removal afforded substantial protection against cell death even for a long period of 24 h. ED50 values were 14 and 110 microM for ATP and adenosine, respectively. In the presence of 5 microg/ml cycloheximide the protective effect of(More)
The protein kinase C (PKC) family of serine/threonine protein kinases is involved in intracellular signals that regulate growth, differentiation, and apoptosis. AKR-2B cells express the PKC isoforms alpha, gamma, epsilon, lambda, mu, und zeta (J. Hoppe, R. Schäfer, V. Hoppe, and A. Sachinidis, Cell Death Differ. 6, 546-556). Here we show that during serum(More)
It has been observed previously that the number of iterations required to derive good model parameter values used by RANSAC-like model estimators is too optimistic. We present the derivation of an analytical formula that allows the calculation of the sufficient limit of iterations needed to obtain good parameter values with the prescribed probability for(More)