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Eustachian tube disorders can lead to chronic otitis media with consecutive conductive hearing loss. To improve treatment and to develop new types of implants such as stents, an adequate experimental animal model is required. As the middle ear of sheep is known to be comparable to the human middle ear, the dimensions of the Eustachian tube in two strains of(More)
The Direct Acoustic Cochlea Stimulator Partial Implant (DACS PI, Phonak Acoustic Implants SA, Switzerland) is intended to stimulate the cochlea by a conventional stapedotomy piston that is crimped onto the DACS PI artificial incus. An alternative approach to the round window (RW) is successfully done with other devices, having the advantage of being also(More)
This work assesses the efficiency of the Codacs system actuator (Cochlear Ltd., Sydney Australia) in different inner ear stimulation modalities. Originally the actuator was intended for direct perilymph stimulation after stapedotomy using a piston prosthesis. A possible alternative application is the stimulation of middle ear structures or the round window(More)
OBJECTIVES The principal aim of this study was to assess the safety and effectiveness of the middle ear implant Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) in patients with moderate-to-severe sensorineural hearing loss up to a mean (± standard deviation) duration of 11.1 ± 2.1 years (min. = 8.2, max. = 13.9, n = 16) after the intervention. DESIGN This was a retrospective,(More)
INTRODUCTION Electro-acoustic stimulation (EAS) of the cochlea uses the preserved residual low-frequency hearing for acoustic stimulation in combination with electrical stimulation. The acoustic low-frequency component is amplified and high-frequency hearing is enhanced by a cochlear implant (CI). In this work, the feasibility of EAS by the floating mass(More)
OBJECTIVE Mechanical stimulation of the round window (RW) of the cochlea is successfully done with the Vibrant Soundbridge (Med-El), but clinical outcomes show a substantial degree of variability. One source of variability is variation in the static force applied by the stimulator to the round window (Maier et al., 2013). In this study we investigated other(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to determine the degree of hearing preservation (HP) and its relation to electrode array length after cochlear implantation using different thin flexible electrode arrays (TFEA). STUDY DESIGN Retrospective analysis. INTERVENTION One hundred twenty adult patients with preoperative residual hearing received a cochlear(More)
BACKGROUND The electromagnetic transducers of implantable middle ear hearing devices or direct acoustic cochlear implants (DACIs) are intended for implantation in an air-filled middle ear cavity. When implanted in an obliterated radical mastoid cavity, they would be surrounded by fatty tissue of unknown elastic properties, potentially attenuating the(More)
The standard method to determine the output level of acoustic and mechanical stimulation to the inner ear is measurement of vibration response of the stapes in human cadaveric temporal bones (TBs) by laser Doppler vibrometry. However, this method is reliable only if the intact ossicular chain is stimulated. For other stimulation modes an alternative method(More)
AIM For middle fossa acoustic neuroma approach, retractors are needed to elevate the temporal lobe to be able to access the internal auditory meatus. The temporal lobe hosts the primary and secondary auditory fields. The question arises regarding whether this elevation affects the functionality of the auditory cortex. MATERIAL AND METHODS In patients, who(More)