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BACKGROUND The question of which antipsychotic drug should be preferred for the treatment of schizophrenia is controversial, and conventional pairwise meta-analyses cannot provide a hierarchy based on the randomised evidence. We aimed to integrate the available evidence to create hierarchies of the comparative efficacy, risk of all-cause discontinuation,(More)
BACKGROUND Because of the debate about whether second-generation antipsychotic drugs are better than first-generation antipsychotic drugs, we did a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials to compare the effects of these two types of drugs in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS We compared nine second-generation antipsychotic drugs with(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite the frequent use of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for rating the symptoms of schizophrenia, the clinical meaning of its total score and of the cut-offs that are used to define treatment response (e.g. at least 20% or 50% reduction of the baseline score) are as yet unclear. We therefore compared the PANSS with(More)
The present study compared alterations of event-related brain potentials (ERPs) in subgroups of chronic alcoholics with different complications during alcohol withdrawal. Twenty alcoholics with only mild to moderate alcohol withdrawal symptoms, two groups of alcoholics with histories of either delirium tremens (n = 9) or alcohol hallucinosis (n = 13), and a(More)
In this longitudinal study of 77 patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), the authors analyzed whether levels of tau protein phosphorylated at threonine 231 (p-tau(231)) in CSF correlate with progression of cognitive decline. High CSF p-tau(231) levels at baseline, but not total tau protein levels, correlated with cognitive decline and conversion from(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies of the potential of new-generation antipsychotic drugs to improve adherence and decrease relapse rates in patients with schizophrenia. METHOD Randomized, controlled trials comparing new-generation antipsychotic drugs with placebo and/or conventional antipsychotics were(More)
OBJECTIVE Abnormalities in the immune system in schizophrenia have been described. However, important findings such as high levels of activating cytokines in the CSF and signs of CNS inflammation have been controversial. The authors conducted a trial of the new selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitor celecoxib, an immunomodulatory drug, in schizophrenic(More)
The goal of the German drug safety program in psychiatry AMSP (Arzneimittelsicherheit in der Psychiatrie) is the assessment of severe or new adverse drug reactions (ADRs). Here we report on 53,042 of 122,562 patients treated with antidepressants who were monitored from 1993 to 2000 in 35 psychiatric hospitals in German-speaking countries. The overall(More)
In a series of investigations, suppression of the auditory-evoked P50 potential to the second of two paired clicks presented 500 msec apart has been shown to be absent in schizophrenic patients, whereas normals suppress their second response to less than 20% of the first response. The phenomenon has been discussed as a possible trait marker for(More)
Scale-derived cutoff points are frequently used to define 'response' in antipsychotic drug trials. This procedure is useful, because responder rates can be understood more intuitively than a difference in means of rating scales. As various definitions of response have been used, we examined original participant data to assess whether the choice of the Brief(More)