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Research on tumor-induced lymphangiogenesis has predominantly focused on alterations and abnormal growth of peritumoral and intratumoral lymphatic vessels. However, recent evidence indicates that lymphangiogenesis of sentinel lymph nodes might also contribute to cancer progression. In clinical oncology, the sentinel(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to estimate the impact of thrombophilia on risk of first childhood stroke through a meta-analysis of published observational studies. METHODS AND RESULTS A systematic search of electronic databases (Medline via PubMed, EMBASE, OVID, Web of Science, The Cochrane Library) for studies published from 1970 to 2009 was(More)
Nanomedicines have enormous potential to improve the precision of cancer therapy, yet our ability to efficiently home these materials to regions of disease in vivo remains very limited. Inspired by the ability of communication to improve targeting in biological systems, such as inflammatory-cell recruitment to sites of disease, we construct systems where(More)
Neoangiogenesis has been shown to play an important role in the pathogenesis of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Autocrine and paracrine secretion of angiogenic and hematopoietic growth factors such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and stem cell factor (SCF) in the bone marrow microenvironment may promote proliferation and survival of leukemic(More)
Myeloma cells express basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), an angiogenic cytokine triggering marrow neovascularization in multiple myeloma (MM). In solid tumors and some lymphohematopoietic malignancies, angiogenic cytokines have also been shown to stimulate tumor growth via paracrine pathways. Since interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a potent growth and survival(More)
We induced thrombosis of blood vessels in solid tumors in mice by a fusion protein consisting of the extracellular domain of tissue factor (truncated tissue factor, tTF) and the peptide GNGRAHA, targeting aminopeptidase N (CD13) and the integrin alpha(v)beta(3) (CD51/CD61) on tumor vascular endothelium. The designed fusion protein tTF-NGR retained its(More)
9022 Background: Osteosarcoma, the most frequent primary malignant bone tumor is a chemotherapy-sensitive tumor with survival rates reaching 50 to 80 %. Several reports have demonstrated that neovascularization assessed by intratumoral microvessel density (MVD) correlates with clinicopathological factors and the patients' prognosis in a variety of tumors.(More)
The small molecule receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) inhibitor SU5416 targets the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 and the stem cell factor receptor c-kit. Herein is described the successful treatment of a 65-year-old woman with SU5416, in second relapse of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and refractory toward standard chemotherapy regimens. After 12(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate expression of various growth factors associated with angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis and of their receptors in ductal carcinomas in situ of the breast (DCIS). We studied protein expression of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, endothelin (ET)-1, and VEGF-C,(More)