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CRF-binding protein (CRF-BP), identified as a 37-kilodalton human serum protein, binds human (h) CRF (Kd = 0.17 +/- 0.01 nM) and blocks hCRF's ability to stimulate ACTH release by pituitary cells in vitro. The present study examines ligand requirements of CRF-BP by testing the affinity of recombinant CRF-BP for synthetic analogs of CRF and peptides in the(More)
A model of the atmospheric convective boundary layer (CBL) is realized in the thermally stratified wind tunnel of the Institute of Hydrology and Water Resources, University of Karlsruhe. Further experimental results from this model are presented. The wind tunnel with a test section 10 m long, 1.5 m wide, and 1.5 m high allows one to generate a(More)
The incidence of male-to-female transmission of HIV infection was studied in a population of 198 sexual partners of hemophiliacs who tested HIV positive since 1984. The follow-up observation period was 1987-1992. Transmission occurred in 20 (10%) cases. The analysis of risk factors for transmission was performed in a subgroup of 57 hemophiliacs with(More)
PURPOSE The use of serotonin 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 receptor antagonists has substantially reduced, but not eliminated, nausea and vomiting in cancer chemotherapy. This study sought to investigate whether efficacy of antiemetic treatment with ondansetron and tropisetron depends on cytochrome P-450 2D6 (CYP2D6) genotype, hypothesizing that the rapid and(More)
BACKGROUND The phase 3 LUME-Lung 1 study assessed the efficacy and safety of docetaxel plus nintedanib as second-line therapy for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS Patients from 211 centres in 27 countries with stage IIIB/IV recurrent NSCLC progressing after first-line chemotherapy, stratified by ECOG performance status, previous bevacizumab(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus is undoubtedly the causative agent of AIDS. The understanding of HIV-1 pathogenesis is essential to develop and maintain antiretroviral treatment and vaccination. Since the first isolation of HIV-1 in cell culture, thousands of publications dealing with HIV and/or AIDS per year were released. In this review we give a basic(More)
After uptake into liver cells, the antiemetic drugs tropisetron and ondansetron undergo metabolic inactivation by cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6). We investigated whether the hepatic organic cation transporter 1 (OCT1; SLC22A1) mediates cellular uptake and whether common OCT1 loss-of-function polymorphisms affect pharmacokinetics and efficacy of both drugs.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether polymorphisms in the dopamine receptor genes and in the dopamine transporter gene (DAT ) are predictors of adverse effects of L -dopa. METHODS A retrospective noninterventional study with 183 patients with PD was conducted. Nine polymorphisms of the dopamine D2 receptor (DRD2 ), two of the dopamine D3 receptor (DRD3 ), three of(More)
An assay for the presence of given DNA sequences has been developed, based on the ability of two oligonucleotides to anneal immediately adjacent to each other on a complementary target DNA molecule. The two oligonucleotides are then joined covalently by the action of a DNA ligase, provided that the nucleotides at the junction are correctly base-paired. Thus(More)