Rolf Gjestad

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BACKGROUND Schizophrenia and related psychoses are associated with excess morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD). Single-site studies on CVD-related risk factors in representative samples of acutely admitted inpatients are scarce. AIMS To assess the levels of risk factors related to CVD in patients acutely admitted to hospital for(More)
The study focuses on the relationship between phobic anxiety and depression, alcohol abuse, treatment and drinking outcome in female alcoholics. A structural equation analysis (LISREL) was used to test the strength and direction of predictor variables, enabling the development of models for the process of change taking place following treatment.(More)
BACKGROUND High levels of stress and deteriorating mental health among medical students are commonly reported. In Bergen, Norway, we explored the impact of personality traits measured early in their curriculum on stress reactions and levels of depression and anxiety symptoms as junior physicians following graduation. METHODS Medical students (n = 201)(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this paper was to test the goodness of fit of the Attitude - Social influence - self-Efficacy (ASE) model in explaining schoolchildren's intentions to eat fruit and their actual fruit intake in Austria, Norway and Spain; to assess how well the model could explain the observed variance in intention to eat fruit and in reported fruit(More)
BACKGROUND Assessment of suicide risk is crucial in schizophrenia and results concerning risk contributed by hallucinations and persecutory delusions are inconsistent. We aimed to determine factors associated with suicidal ideation and plans at the time of acute admission in patients suffering from schizophrenia spectrum disorders. METHODS One hundred and(More)
Illicit drug use may influence cognition in non-affective psychosis. Previous studies have shown better cognition in psychosis with illicit drug use as compared to psychosis only. Possibly, illicit drug using patients have more transient drug-related cognitive deficits. Thus, the aim of the present study was to examine cognitive change the first weeks after(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and substance use may have an earlier onset of illness compared to those without substance use. Most previous studies have, however, too small samples to control for confounding variables and the effect of specific types of substances. The present study aimed to examine the relationship between(More)
AIMS To compare the mortality of female alcoholics randomly assigned to the woman-only programme 'Early treatment for Women with Alcohol Addiction' (EWA) versus those who received mixed gender 'Treatment As Usual' (TAU). METHODS Randomized controlled trial involving 2-year follow-up by personal interview and mortality register data through 27 years of 200(More)
There has been a growing link between a history of cannabis use and neurocognitive performance in patients with schizophrenia. Fewer neurocognitive deficits may be a marker of the superior social cognition needed to obtain illicit substances, or cannabis use may indicate a distinct path to schizophrenia with less neurocognitive vulnerability. This study(More)
Background Measuring patient satisfaction in mental health care potentially provides valuable information, but studies in acutely admitted psychosis patients are scarce. Aims The aims were to assess satisfaction among patients acutely admitted with psychosis, to compare satisfaction in voluntarily versus involuntarily admitted patients, and to assess the(More)