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PURPOSE To compare the effectiveness of mammography, breast ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for surveillance of women at increased familial risk for breast cancer (lifetime risk of 20% or more). PATIENTS AND METHODS We conducted a surveillance cohort study of 529 asymptomatic women who, based on their family history and/or mutational(More)
BACKGROUND Supratentorial gangliogliomas (GGs) are rare tumors of the central nervous system and are commonly associated with chronic seizures. To date, only case reports and small series of patients with short-term follow-up have been available for the assessment of the potential of GGs to recur and progress. METHODS Data from 184 patients who underwent(More)
Dysregulation of the alternative pathway (AP) of complement cascade has been implicated in the pathogenesis of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), the leading cause of blindness in the elderly. To further test the hypothesis that defective control of complement activation underlies AMD, parameters of complement activation in blood plasma were determined(More)
We present two extensions to linkage analysis for genetically complex traits. The first extension allows investigators to perform parametric (LOD-score) analysis of traits caused by imprinted genes-that is, of traits showing a parent-of-origin effect. By specification of two heterozygote penetrance parameters, paternal and maternal origin of the mutation(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate response rate, response duration, overall survival (OS), and toxicity in primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) after systemic and intraventricular chemotherapy with deferred radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS From September 1995 to July 2001, 65 consecutive patients with PCNSL (median age, 62 years) were enrolled onto a pilot and phase II study(More)
The causes for recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) remain unknown in a large proportion of the cases. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G and HLA-E are expressed on invasive trophoblast cells, and are supposed to confer to materno-fetal tolerance. A total of 14 different nucleotide sequences have been described for HLA-G, including one dysfunctional null(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was prospective investigation of silent and clinically apparent cerebral embolic events and neurological impairment after transfemoral aortic valve implantation (TAVI). BACKGROUND TAVI is a novel therapeutic approach for multimorbid patients with severe aortic stenosis. We investigated peri-interventional cerebral embolism(More)
Rgs2 (regulator of G-protein signalling 2) gene recently was reported as a quantitative trait gene for anxious behaviour in mice and male Rgs2 knockout mice have been shown to be more anxious than wildtype mice. Therefore we investigated four non-coding single nucleotide polymorphisms in a sample of 173 patients with panic disorder and 173 matched controls(More)
PURPOSE To describe the histologic spectrum and clinical characteristics of patients with neuroepithelial tumors and drug-resistant epilepsy and to analyze clinical data and treatment related to seizure outcome and survival. METHODS Data were analyzed from 207 consecutive patients with intractable epilepsy (aged 2-54 years), who between 1988 and 1999 had(More)
PURPOSE Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) and adjuvant chemotherapy are two adjuvant treatment options for patients with clinical stage I nonseminomatous germ cell tumors of the testis (NSGCT). Aim of this trial was to prove the advantage of one cycle of bleomycin, etoposide, and cisplatin (BEP) chemotherapy compared with RPLND in terms of(More)