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CONTEXT Major depressive disorder (MDD) is characterized by diverse metabolic and functional abnormalities that occur in, among other regions, the pregenual anterior cingulate cortex (pgACC), a cortical region linked to anhedonia. OBJECTIVES To contextualize metabolic, functional, and clinical parameters and thus to reveal cellular mechanisms related to(More)
Two-dimensional (2D) strong-coupling point-resolved spectroscopy (S-PRESS) is introduced as a novel approach to (1)H MR spectroscopy (MRS) in the prostate. The technique provides full spectral information and allows for an accurate characterization of the citrate (Cit) signal. The method is based on acquiring a series of PRESS spectra with constant total(More)
The human anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) is part of the default-mode network that shows predominant negative blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) responses in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). We combined fMRI during emotional processing and resting-state magnetic resonance spectroscopy measurements and observed that the concentration of GABA in(More)
An improved strategy for the design of quadratic-phase RF pulses with high selectivity and broad bandwidths using the Shinnar-Le Roux (SLR) transformation is proposed. Unlike previous implementations, the required quadratic-phase finite impulse response (FIR) filters are generated using the complex Remez exchange algorithm, which ensures an equi-ripple(More)
Within the last decade hyperpolarized [1-13C] pyruvate chemical-shift imaging has demonstrated impressive potential for metabolic MR imaging for a wide range of applications in oncology, cardiology, and neurology. In this work, a highly efficient pulse sequence is described for time-resolved, multislice chemical shift imaging of the injected substrate and(More)
Metabolic imaging with hyperpolarized [1-(13)C]pyruvate offers the unique opportunity for a minimally invasive detection of cellular metabolism. Efficient and robust acquisition and reconstruction techniques are required for capturing the wealth of information present for the limited duration of the hyperpolarized state (~1 min). In this study, the(More)
Localised two-dimensional J-resolved spectroscopy (JPRESS) is optimised for the in vivo detection of J-coupled metabolites using magnetic resonance spectroscopy at 3 T. The acquisition of echo signals starts as early as possible (i.e. maximum-echo sampling). This sampling scheme increases sensitivity and decreases overlap of peak tails, hence alleviating(More)
PURPOSE The metabolism of acetate in the heart resembles fatty acid metabolism, which is altered in several diseases like ischemia, diabetes mellitus, and heart failure. A signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) optimized imaging framework for in vivo measurements of hyperpolarized [1-(13) C]acetate and its metabolic product [1-(13) C]acetylcarnitine (ALCAR) in rats at(More)
The aim of this study was to characterise and compare widely used acquisition strategies for hyperpolarised (13)C imaging. Free induction decay chemical shift imaging (FIDCSI), echo-planar spectroscopic imaging (EPSI), IDEAL spiral chemical shift imaging (ISPCSI) and spiral chemical shift imaging (SPCSI) sequences were designed for two different regimes of(More)
Hyperpolarized (13)C imaging allows real-time in vivo measurements of metabolite levels. Quantification of metabolite conversion between [1-(13)C]pyruvate and downstream metabolites [1-(13)C]alanine, [1-(13)C]lactate, and [(13)C]bicarbonate can be achieved through kinetic modeling. Since pyruvate interacts dynamically and simultaneously with its downstream(More)