Rolf Engberding

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BACKGROUND An atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) is a well-recognized abnormality of uncertain clinical relevance. We reevaluated the clinical significance of ASA in a large series of patients. The aims of the study were to define morphological characteristics of ASA by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE), to define the incidence of ASA-associated(More)
Isolated noncompaction of the left ventricular myocardium (INVM), first described in 1984, is an unclassified cardiomyopathy and is assumed to occur as an arrest of the compaction process during the normal development of the heart. Between weeks 5 to 8 of human fetal development, the ventricular myocardium undergoes gradual compaction with transformation of(More)
BACKGROUND During the past few years, transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has been increasingly used in clinical cardiology; data concerning the practicability and safety of the technique, however, are rare. METHODS AND RESULTS This report analyzes the experience of 15 European centers performing TEE studies for at least 1 year. At the time of this(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular hypertrabeculation/noncompaction (LVNC) is a cardiac abnormality whose echocardiographic criteria are still controversial. Cooperation between echocardiographic laboratories may contribute to uniformly accepted criteria, as illustrated by the following pilot study. METHODS AND RESULTS Echocardiograms proposed for inclusion into(More)
In a 33-year-old woman the diagnosis of isolated persistent myocardial sinusoids could be established by 2-D-echocardiography and ventriculography. This anomaly has been reported in infants with atresia of semilunar valves and intact ventricular septum, or in combination with anomalies of the coronary vessels. In adults myocardial sinusoids have only been(More)
In a retrospective multicentre study, the diagnostic potential of transoesophageal 2D-echocardiography (TEE) as compared to precordial 2D-echocardiography (TTE) was determined in 154 patients with primary or secondary tumours of the heart. Additionally, the value of standard diagnostic parameters, such as symptoms, X-ray of the chest and electrocardiogram(More)
To assess the behavior of the subvalvular pressure gradient under physical exercise, 13 patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy were examined during upright bicycle ergometry by means of Doppler echocardiography. Additionally, right-sided cardiac catheterization was performed within 7 days. In 10 patients adequate Doppler tracings could be(More)
Transthoracic (tth) and transesophageal (TEE) 2D-echocardiography (E) were performed in 20 consecutively examined patients (17 males, 3 females, age 18 to 76 years, mean age 48.6 +/- 18.9 years) with dissecting (n = 11) and nondissecting thoracic aortic aneurysms confirmed by angiography or surgery. In 7 out of 9 cases, nondissecting aneurysms were detected(More)
Rapid progress in the understanding and treatment of unstable angina and acute coronary syndrome are prompting occasional revisons to current treatment guidelines. The recommendations contained in this paper are based on the consensus reached during discussions at the ‘International Cardiology Forum’ in September 1998. Consensus was reached on significant(More)