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A cornerstone of Einstein's special relativity is Lorentz invariance-the postulate that all observers measure exactly the same speed of light in vacuum, independent of photon-energy. While special relativity assumes that there is no fundamental length-scale associated with such invariance, there is a fundamental scale (the Planck scale, l(Planck)(More)
Evidence exists that butyrate inhibits apoptosis of colon crypt cells in vivo so that less tryptophan from cell debris is available for skatole formation by microbes in the pig colon. In this study, potato starch containing a high proportion of resistant starch was fed to test the hypothesis that increased butyrate formation will occur in the colon and(More)
Immunization of boars against GnRH inhibits synthesis of testicular steroids including androstenone (sex odour). Timing of the second vaccination (anamnestic reaction) should occur as late as possible to maintain anabolic effects of testicular hormones, but early enough to remove androstenone from body fat. Five catheterized boars received the second dose(More)
Immunocastration of boars leads to a maintenance of growth harmone (GH) and a loss of anabolic hormones [androgens, oestrogens, insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I)] but an increase of voluntary feed intake. The aim of the experiment was to clarify whether IGF-I is increased by increasing feed supply in immunocastrated boars leading to improved anabolism. Two(More)
Pulsars are born with subsecond spin periods and slow by electromagnetic braking for several tens of millions of years, when detectable radiation ceases. A second life can occur for neutron stars in binary systems. They can acquire mass and angular momentum from their companions, to be spun up to millisecond periods and begin radiating again. We searched(More)
Active GnRH immunization of boars inhibits LH and testicular steroids but the consequences for spermatogenesis are unknown. Six boars were immunized three times against GnRH at 20, 24 and 28 weeks. Another six boars served as controls. Plasma LH and FSH were determined at 28 and 31 weeks. Testosterone and cortisol were determined before killing the pigs at(More)
Unconjugated testosterone (T), 5a-androst-16-en-3-one (delta-16), dihydrotestosterone (DHT), unconjugated (u Oe) and conjugated oestrogens (c Oe) were determined weekly in the peripheral blood plasma and seminal plasma of 8 boars for a period of 15 months. Four of the boars were kept under natural daylength fluctuations (8-17 h), and 4 boars on a light(More)
An international study, involving 11 participants in 7 European countries, was conducted to provide scientific evidence for an objective measurement of boar taint in entire male pigs and its possible variation between countries. The specific objectives were to determine the respective contributions of androstenone and skatole to boar taint and their(More)
Gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) are highly energetic explosions signaling the death of massive stars in distant galaxies. The Gamma-ray Burst Monitor and Large Area Telescope onboard the Fermi Observatory together record GRBs over a broad energy range spanning about 7 decades of gammaray energy. In September 2008, Fermi observed the exceptionally luminous GRB(More)
Sampling of odor substances in the emissions from swine production facilities is still the limiting step for routine odor quantification. Solid sorption techniques based on cartridges were developed for three categories of substances (indoles, volatile fatty acids and methylthiol) and were standardized to a sampling time of 15 min. These cartridges also(More)