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The monoclonal antibody A60 specifically recognizes the DNA-binding, neuron-specific protein NeuN, which is present in most neuronal cell types of vertebrates. In this study we demonstrate the potential use of NeuN as a diagnostic neuronal marker using a wide range of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded human surgical and autopsy specimens from the central(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively correlate changes in fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity in gliomas at diffusion-tensor magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with the degree of tumor cell infiltration determined histologically. MATERIALS AND METHODS The institutional review board required neither ethics committee approval nor patient informed consent for(More)
Fiber tracking is increasingly used to plan and guide neurosurgical procedures of intracranial tumors in the vicinity of functionally important areas of the brain. However, valid data concerning the reliability of tracking with respect to the actual pathoanatomical situation are lacking. We retrospectively correlated fiber tracking based on magnetic(More)
Activation of microglia/macrophages is a key event in response to pathological changes in the CNS. HLA-DR is a valuable immunohistochemical marker that specifically reacts with activated microglia cells. In order to elucidate a potential role of microgliosis in severe psychiatric illnesses, post-mortem frontal cortex and hippocampus of patients with(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate proton magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopic imaging with high spatial resolution for preoperative grading of suspected World Health Organization grades II and III gliomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS Institutional ethics committee approval and informed consent were obtained for control subjects but were not required for the retrospective(More)
Dysregulation of the Wnt signalling pathway contributes to developmental abnormalities and carcinogenesis of solid tumours. Here, we examined β-catenin and adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) by mutational analysis in pituitary adenomas (n=60) and a large series of craniopharyngiomas (n=41). Furthermore, the expression pattern of β-catenin was(More)
A retrospective study on solid central nervous system haemangioblastomas was performed to characterize clinical features, treatment strategies and outcome in these rare lesions. Between 1993 and 2006 23, solid haemangioblastomas were surgically removed in 17 patients. Eight lesions were located within pons Varolii and medulla oblongata, six within the(More)
The dentate gyrus (DG) plays a pivotal role in the functional and anatomical organization of the hippocampus and is involved in learning and memory formation. However, the impact of structural DG abnormalities, i.e., granule cell dispersion (GCD), for hippocampal seizure susceptibility and its association with distinct lesion patterns in epileptic(More)
Complex and variable morphological phenotypes pose a major challenge to the histopathological classification of neuroepithelial tumors. This applies in particular for low-grade gliomas and glio-neuronal tumors. Recently, we and others have identified microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP2) as an immunohistochemical marker expressed in the majority of glial(More)
Among a panel of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors investigated, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) evolved as a potent and non-toxic candidate drug for the treatment of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), an alpha-motoneurone disorder caused by insufficient survival motor neuron (SMN) protein levels. SAHA increased SMN levels at low micromolar(More)