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Recombinant granulocyte/macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (rGM-CSF), prepared from Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells and Escherichia coli, was administered to 35 patients with the borderline and polar lepromatous forms of leprosy by the intradermal and subcutaneous routes at doses of 7.5-45.0 micrograms/d for 10 d. With each of these doses and routes,(More)
14 patients with lepromatous leprosy received twice daily injections of 10 micrograms recombinant interleukin 2 (rIL-2), by the intradermal route, in the skin of the back for 8 d (total dose, 160 micrograms). Lymphokine administration was accomplished without drug toxicity, or the development of acute nerve damage. The majority of patients developed(More)
The transport of Fe3+ into cells of Escherichia coli occurs via siderophores and the uptake through the outer membrane of three Fe3+-siderophore compounds containing hydroxamate residues requires three specific receptor proteins. In contrast, transport through the cytoplasmic membrane is catalysed by three common proteins encoded by the fhuB, fhuC and fhuD(More)
Four chromosomal genes, tonA (fhuA), fhuB, tonB, and exbB, were required for the transport of iron(III)-aerobactin specified by the plasmids ColV-K311, ColV-K229, ColV-K328, and ColV-K30. These genes also determine the transport system in Escherichia coli for the iron ionophore ferrichrome. Aerobactin and ferrichrome are both iron ligands of the hydroxamate(More)
We report that 11 human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1)-seropositive patients, including three AIDS patients, were able to generate a cellular immune response to the intradermal injection of low doses (2-10 micrograms) of recombinant interleukin 2 (rIL-2). A dose-dependent zone of induration appeared at the site of injection, peaked at 24 hr, and was(More)
Experiments were carried out in the skin of patients with leprosy to examine whether suppressor cell populations either exist in the skin of multibacillary lepromatous leprosy patients, can be activated with antigen, or are induced to emigrate into a cutaneous site from the circulation. For this purpose, purified protein derivative of tuberculin, a(More)