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The structure determination of protein-protein complexes is a rather tedious and lengthy process, by both NMR and X-ray crystallography. Several methods based on docking to study protein complexes have also been well developed over the past few years. Most of these approaches are not driven by experimental data but are based on a combination of energetics(More)
Tet proteins oxidize 5-methylcytosine (mC) to generate 5-hydroxymethyl (hmC), 5-formyl (fC), and 5-carboxylcytosine (caC). The exact function of these oxidative cytosine bases remains elusive. We applied quantitative mass-spectrometry-based proteomics to identify readers for mC and hmC in mouse embryonic stem cells (mESC), neuronal progenitor cells (NPC),(More)
Interaction of regulatory DNA binding proteins with their target sites is usually preceded by binding to nonspecific DNA. This speeds up the search for the target site by several orders of magnitude. We report the solution structure and dynamics of the complex of a dimeric lac repressor DNA binding domain with nonspecific DNA. The same set of residues can(More)
Translational initiation factor 2 (IF2) is a guanine nucleotide-binding protein that can bind guanosine 3',5'-(bis) diphosphate (ppGpp), an alarmone involved in stringent response in bacteria. In cells growing under optimal conditions, the GTP concentration is very high, and that of ppGpp very low. However, under stress conditions, the GTP concentration may(More)
The RING finger protein CNOT4 is a component of the CCR4-NOT complex. This complex is implicated in repression of RNA polymerase II transcription. Here we demonstrate that CNOT4 functions as a ubiquitin-protein ligase (E3). We show that the unique C4C4 RING domain of CNOT4 interacts with a subset of ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2s). Using NMR(More)
A structural model for the interaction of the LexA repressor DNA binding domain (DBD) with operator DNA is derived by means of Monte Carlo docking. Protein-DNA complexes were generated by docking the LexA repressor DBD NMR solution structure onto both rigid and bent B-DNA structures while giving energy bonuses for contacts in agreement with experimental(More)
A number of Eubacteria contain a photoactive yellow protein which has a photosensory function in negative phototaxis. It has been proposed that the cofactor responsible for the intense yellow color of this protein is retinal [McRee, D. E., et al. (1989) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86, 6533-6537]. This would make it the first eubacterial rhodopsin. Here we(More)
Protein folding in the cell relies on the orchestrated action of conserved families of molecular chaperones, the Hsp70 and Hsp90 systems. Hsp70 acts early and Hsp90 late in the folding path, yet the molecular basis of this timing is enigmatic, mainly because the substrate specificity of Hsp90 is poorly understood. Here, we obtained a structural model of(More)
The DNA-binding protein HU from Bacillus stearothermophilus (HUBst) is a dimer with a molecular weight of 195 kDa that is capable of bending DNA. An x-ray structure has been determined previously [Tanaka et al. 1984) Nature, vol. 310, pp. 376-381], but no structure could be established for a large part of the supposed DNA-binding beta-arms. Distance(More)
The three-dimensional structure of the fMet-tRNA(fMet) -binding domain of translation initiation factor IF2 from Bacillus stearothermophilus has been determined by heteronuclear NMR spectroscopy. Its structure consists of six antiparallel beta-strands, connected via loops, and forms a closed beta-barrel similar to domain II of elongation factors EF-Tu and(More)