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Terminal deletions of chromosome 10p result in a DiGeorge-like phenotype that includes hypoparathyroidism, heart defects, immune deficiency, deafness and renal malformations. Studies in patients with 10p deletions have defined two non-overlapping regions that contribute to this complex phenotype. These are the DiGeorge critical region II (refs 1, 2), which(More)
Three children who presented with two rare conditions, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and intracerebral calcification, were studied. The lack of evidence for the presence of a metabolic defect other than nephrogenic diabetes insipidus suggests that it can lead to the development of intracerebral calcification. Perhaps the main risk factor is inadequate(More)
  • R Beetz
  • 2003
Bacterial growth in the urinary tract is usually prevented by host factors including bacterial eradication by urinary and mucus flow, urothelial bactericidal activity, urinary secretory IgA, and blood group antigens in secretions which interfere with bacterial adherence. Bacterial eradication from the urinary tract is partially dependent on urine flow and(More)
PURPOSE We recorded urinary tract infections in the long term after surgical reflux correction. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 158 of 189 patients (160 females and 29 males) who were followed in 1985, an average of 10.8 years after reflux surgery were contacted again in 1995. At that time median patient age was 26 years (range 15.7 to 38.8) and the(More)
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are among the most common bacterial infections in infants and children. The early diagnosis of a pyelonephritis and its rapid, calculated antibacterial therapy are decisive for the prognosis. Urogenital anomalies, renal damage and bladder dysfunction may influence the risk of recurrences of UTI and pyelonephritic scarring.(More)
Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), with or without vesicoureteric reflux (VUR), are by far the most frequent reason for long-term antibacterial prophylaxis in infants and children today. However, the strategies of antibacterial prophylaxis for the prevention of recurrent urinary tract infection are no longer universally accepted. In infants and(More)
PURPOSE Continent anal urinary diversion is a therapeutic option in bladder exstrophy. We report our long-term results with the rectosigmoid pouch (Mainz pouch II), a modification of the classic ureterosigmoidostomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 38 children with a mean age of 5 years (range 0.5 to 17) underwent a Mainz pouch II procedure between 1991(More)
After failure of conservative treatment of neurogenic bladders (deterioration of the upper urinary tract/incontinence) continent cutaneous diversion has to be considered in those patients with irreparable urethral sphincter defects or those who are unable to perform trans-urethral self-catheterization. In this second part of the study we investigated the(More)
After the failure of conservative treatment of neurogenic bladders (deterioration of the upper urinary tract/incontinence), bladder augmentation/bladder substitution and supravesical urinary diversion have to be considered. In our concept, bladder augmentation is indicated for hyperreflexive and small low compliance bladders with normal upper urinary(More)
In infants and young children, urinary tract infections (UTI) often present with unspecific symptoms. Appropriate techniques of urine sampling play an important role for accurate microbiological diagnosis. In infants urine sampling by bladder puncture or transurethral catheter is recommended. In young infants with suspected pyelonephritis, calculated(More)