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Incubation of endothelial cells in vitro with high concentrations of glucose activates protein kinase C (PKC) and increases nitric oxide synthase (NOS III) gene expression as well as superoxide production. The underlying mechanisms remain unknown. To address this issue in an in vivo model, diabetes was induced with streptozotocin in rats. Streptozotocin(More)
The aim of this study was to describe the neurological syndrome in the largest cohort of adult patients with a complicated Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infection. The recent outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli serotype O104:H4 in northern Germany affected more than 3842 patients, 22% of whom developed haemolytic uraemic syndrome. The(More)
Gelatinase A (matrix metalloproteinase-2) plays a prominent role in multiple biologic processes. Prior studies have established critical roles for gelatinase A transcriptional regulation by defined enhancer elements. To determine possible functional single nucleotide polymorphisms within these elements, we determined the single nucleotide polymorphism(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang-II) is associated with atherogenesis and arterial subendothelial mononuclear leukocyte infiltration. We have demonstrated that Ang-II causes the initial attachment of mononuclear cells to the arteriolar endothelium. We now report on the contribution of CC chemokines to this response. Intraperitoneal administration of 1 nM Ang-II induced(More)
The recruitment of inflammatory cells into renal tissue, mainly T cells and monocytes, is a typical feature of various renal diseases such as glomerulonephritis, thrombotic angiopathies, allograft rejection, and vasculitis. T cells predominantly infiltrate the tubulointerstitium, whereas monocytes are present in the tubulointerstitial and glomerular(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that angiotensin II stimulates expression of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) in cultured renal cells. To investigate whether similar mechanisms are operative in vivo, glomerular TGF-beta mRNA expression was investigated in two-kidney, one-clip (2-K 1-C) hypertensive rats. Glomerular TGF-beta1 transcripts were(More)
OBJECTIVE Key features of diabetic nephropathy include the accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins. In recent studies, increased expression of type VIII collagen in the glomeruli and tubulointerstitium of diabetic kidneys has been noted. The objectives of this study were to assess whether type VIII collagen affects the development of diabetic(More)
Patients with primary membranous nephropathy (MN) who experience spontaneous remission of proteinuria generally have an excellent outcome without need of immunosuppressive therapy. It is, however, unclear whether non-nephrotic proteinuria at the time of diagnosis is also associated with good prognosis since a reasonable number of these patients develop(More)
BACKGROUND About 1% of white populations are homozygous carriers of an allele of the gene for the CC chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) with a 32 bp deletion (CCR5Delta32), which leads to an inactive receptor. During acute and chronic transplant rejection, ligands for CCR5 are upregulated, and the graft is infiltrated by CCR5-positive mononuclear cells. We(More)