Learn More
Disturbances in recognizing facial expressions of disgust have been reported previously in pre-symptomatic and manifest Huntington's disease. Given the substantial role of the insula and basal ganglia in the perception of disgust as revealed by functional imaging, lesion studies and intracerebral recordings, we propose dysfunction within the insula and/or(More)
Incubation of endothelial cells in vitro with high concentrations of glucose activates protein kinase C (PKC) and increases nitric oxide synthase (NOS III) gene expression as well as superoxide production. The underlying mechanisms remain unknown. To address this issue in an in vivo model, diabetes was induced with streptozotocin in rats. Streptozotocin(More)
BACKGROUND The recent finding that phospholipase-A(2)-receptor antibodies (PLA(2)R-AB) may play a role in the development of primary membranous glomerulonephritis (MGN) offers the opportunity to measure a marker to help diagnose, classify and eventually monitor the course of patients with MGN. METHODS We developed an immunofluorescence test, which allows(More)
The chemokine receptor CCR5 is predominantly expressed on monocytes and Th1-polarized T cells, and plays an important role in T cell and monocyte recruitment in inflammatory diseases. To investigate the functional role of CCR5 in renal inflammation, we induced a T cell-dependent model of glomerulonephritis (nephrotoxic serum nephritis) in CCR5(-/-) mice.(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II (Ang II) induces hypertrophy of cultured proximal tubular cells. We have previously demonstrated that this Ang II-mediated hypertrophy occurs in the G1-phase of the cell cycle and depends on the induction of p27Kip1, an inhibitor of G1-phase cyclin/cyclin-dependent kinase complexes. The present study was undertaken to investigate(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental studies suggest that the infiltration of activated T cells into the allograft, the key event in the development of acute renal allograft rejection, depends on the expression of chemokines and their interaction with chemokine receptors expressed on T cells. METHODS For a more detailed comprehension of the pathogenesis of T-cell(More)
The aim of this study was to describe the neurological syndrome in the largest cohort of adult patients with a complicated Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli infection. The recent outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli serotype O104:H4 in northern Germany affected more than 3842 patients, 22% of whom developed haemolytic uraemic syndrome. The(More)
The M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) is the major target antigen in idiopathic membranous nephropathy with detectable autoantibodies in the serum of up to 70% of patients. In retrospective studies, the PLA2R-autoantibody titer in the serum was sometimes negative indicating their measurement alone may be inconclusive. In order to better differentiate(More)
Recently, a (pro)renin receptor has been identified which mediates profibrotic effects independent of angiotensin II. Because antihypertensive therapy induces renal injury in the clipped kidney of two kidney-1-clip hypertensive rats, we examined the regulation of renin and the (pro)renin receptor in this model. Hypertensive Goldblatt rats were treated with(More)
Rho kinase signaling regulates inflammatory cell migration and chemokine production. We therefore investigated the mechanisms of Rho-kinase-dependent inflammation in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced renal failure. C57/BL6 mice received intraperitoneal LPS with or without daily treatment with specific Rho kinase inhibitors (Y-27632 or HA-1077; 5 mg/kg). Rho(More)