Learn More
BACKGROUND Auto-antibodies with specificity to self-antigens have been implicated in a wide variety of neurological diseases, including Parkinson's (PD) and Alzheimer's diseases, being sensitive indicators of neurodegeneration and focus for disease prevention. Of particular interest are the studies focused on the auto-immune responses to amyloidogenic(More)
At 346 kbp in size, the genome of a jumbo bacteriophage vB_KleM-RaK2 (RaK2) is the largest Klebsiella infecting myovirus genome sequenced to date. In total, 272 out of 534 RaK2 ORFs lack detectable database homologues. Based on the similarity to biologically defined proteins and/or MS/MS analysis, 117 of RaK2 ORFs were given a functional annotation,(More)
Despite the fact that multidrug-resistant Klebsiella sp. strains emerge rapidly (Xu J, et al., Adv. Mater. Res. 268-270:1954-1956, 2011) and bacteriophages have been reported to be useful in controlling these bacteria (Kumari S, Harjai K, Chhibber S, J. Med. Microbiol. 60:205-210, 2011), the complete genome sequences of only five Klebsiella phages (four(More)
The nucleotide sequences of two cloned DNA fragments containing the structural genes of heterotetrameric sarcosine oxidase (soxBDAG) and dimethylglycine dehydrogenase (dmg) from Arthrobater spp. 1-IN and Arthrobacter globiformis, respectively, have been determined. Open reading frames were identified in the soxBDAG operon corresponding to the four subunits(More)
A proposed new genus of the family Myoviridae, “rV5-like viruses”, includes two lytic bacteriophages: Escherichia coli O157: H7-specific bacteriophage rV5 and Salmonella phage PVP-SE1. Here, we present basic properties and genomic characterization of a novel rV5-like phage, vB_EcoM_FV3, which infects E. coli K-12-derived laboratory strains and replicates at(More)
Dimethylglycine oxidase (DMGO) is a covalent flavoenzyme from Arthrobacter globiformis that catalyzes the oxidative demethylation of dimethylglycine to yield sarcosine, formaldehyde, and hydrogen peroxide. Stopped-flow and steady-state kinetic studies have been used to study the reductive and oxidative half-reactions using dimethylglycine and O2 as(More)
Acidithiobacillus caldus has been proposed to play a role in the oxidation of reduced inorganic sulfur compounds (RISCs) produced in industrial biomining of sulfidic minerals. Here, we describe the regulation of a new cluster containing the gene encoding tetrathionate hydrolase (tetH), a key enzyme in the RISC metabolism of this bacterium. The cluster(More)
The pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ)-dependent soluble glucose dehydrogenase based carbon paste electrodes were investigated and applied for glucose monitoring in the oxygen deficient media. Reagentless biosensors possessing a wide linear range (up to 5 mM glucose with a detection limit of 0.12 mM) were designed. The oxygen-insensitive response of the(More)
The reaction of heterotetrameric sarcosine oxidase (TSOX) of Arthrobactor sp. 1-IN has been studied by stopped-flow spectroscopy, with particular emphasis on the reduction of the enzyme by sarcosine. Expression of the cloned gene encoding TSOX in Escherichia coli enables the production of TSOX on a scale suitable for stopped-flow studies. Treatment of the(More)
Melanocortin receptor-based drug discovery is particularly active in the field of neuroendocrine systems and is mostly related to food intake and novel obesity therapies. The immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects of nonpeptidic, low molecular weight compounds activating the melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) provide a new principle for treating various(More)