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At 346 kbp in size, the genome of a jumbo bacteriophage vB_KleM-RaK2 (RaK2) is the largest Klebsiella infecting myovirus genome sequenced to date. In total, 272 out of 534 RaK2 ORFs lack detectable database homologues. Based on the similarity to biologically defined proteins and/or MS/MS analysis, 117 of RaK2 ORFs were given a functional annotation,(More)
BACKGROUND Auto-antibodies with specificity to self-antigens have been implicated in a wide variety of neurological diseases, including Parkinson's (PD) and Alzheimer's diseases, being sensitive indicators of neurodegeneration and focus for disease prevention. Of particular interest are the studies focused on the auto-immune responses to amyloidogenic(More)
Acidithiobacillus caldus has been proposed to play a role in the oxidation of reduced inorganic sulfur compounds (RISCs) produced in industrial biomining of sulfidic minerals. Here, we describe the regulation of a new cluster containing the gene encoding tetrathionate hydrolase (tetH), a key enzyme in the RISC metabolism of this bacterium. The cluster(More)
A proposed new genus of the family Myoviridae, “rV5-like viruses”, includes two lytic bacteriophages: Escherichia coli O157: H7-specific bacteriophage rV5 and Salmonella phage PVP-SE1. Here, we present basic properties and genomic characterization of a novel rV5-like phage, vB_EcoM_FV3, which infects E. coli K-12-derived laboratory strains and replicates at(More)
The complete genome sequences of four low-temperature Escherichia coli-specific tevenviruses, vb_EcoM-VR5, vb_EcoM-VR20, vb_EcoM-VR25 and vb_EcoM-VR26, were determined. Genomic comparisons including recently described genomes of vb_EcoM-VR7 and JS98 as well as phage T4 allowed the identification of two genetic groups that were consistent with defined(More)
Bacteriophages represent a valuable source for studying the mechanisms underlying virus-host interactions. A better understanding of the host-specificity of viruses at the molecular level can promote various phage applications, including bacterial diagnostics, antimicrobial therapeutics, and improve methods in molecular biology. In this study, we describe(More)
The propensity of peptides and proteins to form self-assembled structures has very promising applications in the development of novel nanomaterials. Under certain conditions, amyloid protein α-synuclein forms well-ordered structures - fibrils, which have proven to be valuable building blocks for bionanotechnological approaches. Herein we demonstrate the(More)
This is the first report on a complete genome sequence and biological characterization of the phage that infects Arthrobacter. A novel virus vB_ArS-ArV2 (ArV2) was isolated from soil using Arthrobacter sp. 68b strain for phage propagation. Based on transmission electron microscopy, ArV2 belongs to the family Siphoviridae and has an isometric head (∼63 nm in(More)
The bacteriophage T4 insertion-substitution (I/S) vector system has become one of the most important tools for the introduction of site-directed mutations into the T4 genome. In this study, we show that the I/S phage T4 K10 carries two point mutations within the gene for polynucleotide kinase pseT, resulting in amino acid substitutions G14D and R229H. The(More)