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The projection from various cortical areas to the pontine nuclei (PN) of rats was investigated with anterograde tracing methods. As a general topological rule, a medial to lateral succession of the PN projection fields from the motor, somatosensory, and visual cortices was observed. Apart from the main "private" projections, each cortical area was found to(More)
The interrelationship of medial area 6 (supplementary motor area) with the thalamus was investigated by means of anterograde and retrograde tracing methods. Nine monkeys were prepared for autoradiography or histochemistry with the marker HRP conjugated to the lectin wheat germ agglutinin. Three of the monkeys received injections into the precentral cortex(More)
The possibility of a cerebellar linkage, via the thalamus with medial area 6 of the cerebral cortex was further explored in the present experiments (cf. preceding companion paper). It was found that HRP conjugated to the lectin wheat germ agglutinin injected into motor cortical areas was transported beyond the thalamus to the contralateral intracerebellar(More)
The expanse of cerebral cortex containing corticopontine neurons was explored in rats. The retrograde tracer horseradish peroxidase (HRP) was iontophoresed into subdivisions of the pontine nuclei (PN). The densest projection was seen to originate from somatosensory and motor areas. Visual areas also provide a major contigent of corticopontine neurons,(More)
Chirality is a fascinating phenomenon that can manifest itself in subtle ways, for example in biochemistry (in the observed single-handedness of biomolecules) and in particle physics (in the charge-parity violation of electroweak interactions). In condensed matter, magnetic materials can also display single-handed, or homochiral, spin structures. This may(More)
We investigate the spin- and energy-dependent tunneling through a single organic molecule (CoPc) adsorbed on a ferromagnetic Fe thin film, spatially resolved by low-temperature spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscopy. Interestingly, the metal ion as well as the organic ligand show a significant spin dependence of tunneling current flow.(More)
The future of nanoscale spin-based technologies hinges on a fundamental understanding and dynamic control of atomic-scale magnets. The role of the substrate conduction electrons on the dynamics of supported atomic magnets is still a question of interest lacking experimental insight. We characterized the temperature-dependent dynamical response of(More)
Intracortical microstimulation of the supplementary motor area (SMA) was studied in awake monkeys. With short trains of micropulses, contralateral muscle twitches mainly in shoulder and proximal arm muscles were elicited. There was an indication of a rostro-caudal representation of distal to proximal forelimb, trunk, and proximal to distal hindlimb muscles.(More)
Individual molecules of Co-Salen, a small chiral paramagnetic metal--organic Schiff base complex, were deposited on NaCl(001) and subsequently imaged with noncontact atomic force microscopy employing Cr coated tips in a cryogenic ultrahigh vacuum environment. Images were obtained in which both the position and orientation of the adsorbed molecules and the(More)
Scanning tunneling spectroscopy is used to investigate the single-electron states and the corresponding squared wave functions of single and freestanding strain-induced InAs quantum dots grown on GaAs(001). Several peaks are found in dI/dV curves, which belong to different single-electron states. Spatially resolved dI/dV images reveal (000), (100), (010),(More)