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The aim of this in vitro study was to determine how frequent a seemingly accurate working length ending radiographically 0 to 2 mm short of the radiographic apex resulted in an instrumentation beyond the apical foramen. Under simulated clinical conditions working lengths of 169 root canals were radiographically determined in 91 extracted teeth. In all cases(More)
AIM To investigate the discoloration potential of endodontic materials using a bovine tooth model. METHODOLOGY Two hundred and 10 dentine-enamel cuboid blocks (10 × 10 × 3.5 mm) were prepared out of the middle thirds of bovine tooth crowns. Standardized cavities were prepared in the walls of the pulp chamber leaving 2 mm of enamel and dentine on the(More)
BACKGROUND Consideration of the biologic width in restorative dentistry seems to be important for maintaining periodontal health. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the dimensions of the biologic width in humans. MATERIALS AND METHODS A systematic literature search was performed for publications published by 28 September 2012 using five different electronic(More)
OBJECTIVES This study investigated the influence of proximal box elevation (PBE) with composite resin when applied to deep proximal defects in root-filled molars with mesio-occluso-distal (MOD) cavities, which were subsequently restored with computer-aided designed/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) ceramic or composite restorations. MATERIALS AND(More)
The Swiss Health Surveys are conducted every 5 yr, and alternate surveys contain information on oral health. Worldwide the population is ageing and oral health is improving. The aim of this study was to identify if these trends are continuing in a relatively affluent society with low levels of edentulousness. Participants in the 1992 and 2002 surveys(More)
This study was designed to determine the efficiency of hand and rotary instruments in shaping oval root canals. Seventy-five oval canals were equally divided into three groups. The apical third was prepared with rotary LightSpeed instruments either to size 52.5 (mandibular incisors) or to size 57.5 (distal root of mandibular molars). The middle third with(More)
Two apex locators were compared regarding their ability to accurately locate the apical constriction in the presence of various canal fluids at different meter readings. Forty-one root canals were filled with 1% NaOCl, 3% H2O2, and 0.9% NaCl, respectively. Electronic working length (EWL) measurements were recorded with the apex locators Root ZX (meter(More)
Fifty-eight extracted incisors were artificially stained to compare the efficacy of sodium perborate preparations used for intracoronal bleaching. All teeth were bleached for a 6-day period and the bleaching pastes replaced at days 1 and 3 (walking bleach technique). Sodium perborate-monohydrate, trihydrate, or tetrahydrate in conjunction with 30% H2O2 as(More)
AIM This prospective clinical study explored the influence of calcium hydroxide as an interappointment dressing on the healing of periapical lesions associated with pulpless teeth that had not been endodontically treated previously. This was achieved by comparing the prognosis after a two-visit root canal treatment with that following a one-visit treatment.(More)
BACKGROUND Use of oral antiseptics decreases the bacterial load in the oral cavity. OBJECTIVE To compare the antimicrobial activity of 3 novel oral antiseptics with that of chlorhexidine, which is considered the "gold standard" of oral hygiene. DESIGN Comparative in vitro study. METHODS Four common oral microorganisms (Streptococcus sanguinis,(More)