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T lymphocytes are increasingly recognized as key modulators of detrimental inflammatory cascades in acute ischaemic stroke, but the potential of T cell-targeted therapy in brain ischaemia is largely unexplored. Here, we characterize the effect of inhibiting leukocyte very late antigen-4 and endothelial vascular cell adhesion molecule-1-mediated brain(More)
Accuracy of the final position and kinematics of movement were analysed during the imitation of meaningless gestures in patients with unilateral brain lesions who performed with the hand ipsilateral to the lesion and in control subjects. Controls imitated the gestures virtually without spatial errors. The kinematics of their movements was characterized by(More)
Synapse-to-nucleus signaling triggered by synaptic NMDA receptors can lead to the buildup of a neuroprotective shield. Nuclear calcium activating the cAMP response element binding protein (CREB) plays a key role in neuroprotection acquired by synaptic activity. Here we show that in mouse hippocampal neurons, the transcription factor Atf3 (activating(More)
Hyperbaric (HBO) and normobaric (NBO) oxygen therapy have been shown to be neuroprotective in focal cerebral ischemia. In previous comparative studies, NBO appeared to be less effective than HBO. However, the experimental protocols did not account for important advantages of NBO in the clinical setting such as earlier initiation and prolonged(More)
Inflammatory mechanisms contribute substantially to secondary tissue injury after brain ischemia. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) are key endogenous modulators of postischemic neuroinflammation. We investigated the potential of histone deacetylase inhibition (HDACi) to enhance Treg potency for experimental stroke in mice. HDACi using trichostatin A increased the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) elicits neuronally mediated cerebral arteriolar vasodilation that is reduced by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). This sequence has been preserved by pretreatment with the ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel opener aprikalim, although the mechanism was unclear. In the heart, mitochondrial K(ATP) channels(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The usefulness of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) and normobaric hyperoxia in acute ischemic stroke is being reexplored because both improve outcome in experimental cerebral ischemia. However, even the basic mechanisms underlying oxygen therapy are poorly understood. We investigated the effect of both oxygen therapies on tissue hypoxia and on(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The timing and mechanisms of protection by hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) in cerebral ischemia have only been partially elucidated. We monitored the early in vivo effects of HBO after 2 h transient focal ischemia using repetitive MRI. METHODS Wistar rats underwent filament occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (MCAO). 40 min after MCAO,(More)
Oxygen therapy with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) or normobaric hyperoxia (NBO) improves outcome in experimental cerebral ischemia. However, an increased formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) may be an undesirable side effect of oxygen therapy. We investigated the effect of both oxygen therapies on ROS production and adverse effects in murine focal ischemia.(More)