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Genome-wide transcript profiling was used to monitor signal transduction during yeast pheromone response. Genetic manipulations allowed analysis of changes in gene expression underlying pheromone signaling, cell cycle control, and polarized morphogenesis. A two-dimensional hierarchical clustered matrix, covering 383 of the most highly regulated genes, was(More)
We describe a flexible system for gene expression profiling using arrays of tens of thousands of oligonucleotides synthesized in situ by an ink-jet printing method employing standard phosphoramidite chemistry. We have characterized the dependence of hybridization specificity and sensitivity on parameters including oligonucleotide length, hybridization(More)
The most important product of the sequencing of a genome is a complete, accurate catalogue of genes and their products, primarily messenger RNA transcripts and their cognate proteins. Such a catalogue cannot be constructed by computational annotation alone; it requires experimental validation on a genome scale. Using 'exon' and 'tiling' arrays fabricated by(More)
DNA microarrays have enabled biology researchers to conduct large-scale quantitative experiments. This capacity has produced qualitative changes in the breadth of hypotheses that can be explored. In what has become the dominant mode of use, changes in the transcription rate of nearly all the genes in a genome, taking place in a particular tissue or cell(More)
Understanding biological systems at the level of genes and proteins is a major challenge. In this paper we represent the interactions among external environmental inputs and genes in a biological system with a graph-theoretic model called a biological pathway. Our goal is to verify a proposed biological pathway b y observing the mRNA levels in the(More)
The temporal pattern of ultrasonic vocalizations by mice in an undisturbed 'home' environment can now be assessed using a system based on amplitude discrimination. Within a chosen frequency band, vocalizations of sufficient intensity are detected by an amplitude discriminator. The output from a pulse generator is sent to a microcomputer which records the(More)
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