Roland Schleiffer

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Brain CT studies of 35 patients with anorexia nervosa confirmed the observations of other authors: cerebral dystrophic changes correlate with weight loss and the reversibility of these changes also correlates with the normalization of body weight. Other corroborated facts are: the most numerous and most pronounced enlargements are of the cortical sulci and(More)
OBJECTIVES In order to test the hypothesis that a theory of mind deficit is specific for autism, the present study presents the first replication of the Sally-Anne test (Baron-Cohen, Leslie & Frith, 1985) in the German-speaking countries. METHODS The Sally-Anne test was administered to 16 autistic, 24 probands with Down's syndrome and 20 normal preschool(More)
Attachment research so far rarely has focused on attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study is the first to examine the distribution of the attachment representation in mothers of children with ADHD. Considering results of clinical attachment studies we formulated the following hypothesis: the prevalence of maternal insecure and unresolved(More)
In this investigation the attachment representations of adolescents in residential care were examined for the first time. 72 adolescents were interviewed by using the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). At the same time the degree of adolescent psychopathology was recorded. For this purpose the caregivers completed Achenbach's Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL),(More)
The metabolism of the polyamines spermidine and spermine is known to be enhanced in rapidly proliferating cells. Methionine is a precursor of the aminopropyl moieties of these amines. Therefore, it was of interest to study the effects of a methionine supplemented diet on polyamine metabolism and preneoplastic changes occurring in the intestinal tract of(More)
Epidemiologic studies reveal that adoptees are overrepresented in referrals to child psychiatric facilities as well as show more often psychiatric disturbances compared with their nonadopted peers. Therefore the adoptive status is indicating a psychiatric risk. To explain the underlying mechanisms it seems useful to comprehend the adoption as a process. The(More)
For children the parental divorce creates a risk for their psychological development. When referred to the child psychiatrist because of their conduct disorder these children are often compared by their custodial parents with the absent parent. As a clinically useful concept the concept of collusive partner substitute can explain the underlying intrapsychic(More)
The literature indicates that adopted adolescents with conduct disorders are overrepresented in psychiatric treatment facilities for children and adolescents. In the present study adopted adolescents with conduct disorders and non-adopted adolescents with conduct disorders were compared with regard to biological and psychosocial risk factors known to play a(More)
Comorbidity, the simultaneous occurrence of different psychiatric disorders, is a common phenomenon in child and adolescent psychiatry. Usually, it affects the prognosis negatively. For example, drug abuse increases the risk of drug dependency among adolescents with conduct disorders. In this study, a high-risk group of 30 adolescents with conduct disorders(More)
Cardiovascular effects of parathyroid hormone (PTH) have been recently described. Pharmacological doses of PTH both reduce arterial pressure and increase blood flow of vascular beds. Two possible cellular mechanisms were investigated: (a) transmembrane Ca2+ fluxes and (b) cyclic AMP response in vascular smooth muscle. In vivo, results in the rat show that(More)