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The functional expression of olfactory receptors (ORs) is a primary requirement to examine the molecular mechanisms of odorant perception and coding. Functional expression of the rat I7 OR and its trafficking to the plasma membrane was achieved under optimized experimental conditions in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The membrane expression of(More)
Complementary DNA clones, encoding the LH-hCG (luteinizing hormone-human choriogonadotropic hormone) receptor were isolated by screening a lambda gt11 library with monoclonal antibodies. The primary structure of the protein was deduced from the DNA sequence analysis; the protein contains 696 amino acids with a putative signal peptide of 27 amino acids.(More)
Food odours are major determinants for food choice; their detection is influenced by nutritional status. Among different metabolic signals, insulin plays a major role in food intake regulation. The aim of the present study was to investigate a potential role of insulin in the olfactory mucosa (OM), using ex vivo tissues and in vitro primary cultures. We(More)
In this study, we report a dose-dependent detection of odorant molecules in solution by rat olfactory receptor I7 (OR I7) in its membrane fraction. The OR I7 is immobilized on a gold electrode by multilayer bioengineering based on a mixed self-assembled monolayer and biotin/avidin system, which allows for a well-controlled immobilization of the bioreceptor(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) constitute the largest but the most divergent class of cell surface proteins. Although they are thought to share a common 3D-structure composed of seven transmembrane helical domains, they can be activated by extracellular signals as diverse as light, peptides, proteins, lipids, organic odorants, taste molecules,(More)
Peptide I [H-Phe-Gly-His-Phe(NO2)-Phe-Ala-Phe-OMe] hydrolyzed by chymosin with kcat=.3+/-.3 s-1 and KM=7+/-3 mM (pH 4.7) inhibited competitively peptide II [H-Leu-Ser-Phe(NO2)-Nle-Ala-Leu-OMe] hydrolysis by chymosin with KI=.23 +/- .12 mM at pH 4.7. In reference conditions (.4 mM peptide, .01 M acetate buffer pH 4.7), the specific activities of porcine(More)
Primary olfactory neuronal cultures exposed to odorant stimulation have previously exhibited concentration-related effects in terms of intracellular cAMP levels and adenylate cyclase activity [Ronnett, G.V., Parfitt, D.J., Hester, L.D. & Snyder, S.H. (1991) PNAS88, 2366-2369]. Maximal stimulation occurred for intermediate concentrations, whereas AC activity(More)
In mammals, the olfactory sensory neurons are the only ones directly in contact with an aggressive environment. Thus, the olfactory mucosa is one of the few neuronal zones which are continuously renewed during adulthood. We have previously shown that endothelin is locally matured in the olfactory mucosa and that olfactory sensory neurons preferentially(More)
Orexin A and B are involved in feeding behaviors, and recently fibers containing these peptides were found in the rat olfactory bulb. These fibers, which originate from the lateral and posterior hypothalamus and the perifornical area, are distributed in the glomerular, mitral cell, and granule cell layers. Orexin receptors are mainly expressed by mitral(More)
Leptin is an adipocyte-derived cytokine that regulates body weight mainly via the long form of the leptin receptor (Ob-Rb). Leptin and its receptors are expressed in several tissues, suggesting that leptin might also be effective peripherally. We hypothesized that, as shown in taste cells, leptin and its receptors isoforms (Ob-Rs) could be present in the(More)