Roland Romeiser

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The phase information in along-track interferometric synthetic aperture radar (along-track INSAR, ATI) images is a measure of the Doppler shift of the backscattered signal and thus of the line-of-sight velocity of the scatterers. It can be exploited for oceanic surface current measurements from aircraft or spacecraft. However, as already discussed in(More)
This study focuses on the retrieval of wind information from nautical X-band radar data collected on R/V Roger Revelle during the Impact of Typhoons on the Ocean in the Pacific (ITOP) program in 2010. Images collected with a standard nautical HH-polarized X-band radar operating at grazing incidence exhibit a single intensity peak in upwind direction and may(More)
We present one of the first studies on ocean current retrievals from interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data acquired during the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) in February 2000. The InSAR system of SRTM was designed for high-resolution topographic mapping of the Earth’s land surfaces, using two SAR antennas on a Space Shuttle with a(More)
Latest concepts for the TerraSAR-X hardware design include the availability of a split antenna mode, in which the fore and aft halves of the SAR antenna array with a total length of 4.8 m can act as separate receiving antennas for along-track interferometry (ATI). The effective ATI time lag will be 0.17 ms. We discuss in this paper whether the split antenna(More)
[1] In this paper we discuss characteristic properties of radar signatures of oceanic and atmospheric convection features in the Greenland Sea. If the water surface is clean (no surface films or ice coverage), oceanic and atmospheric features can become visible in radar images via a modulation of the surface roughness, and their radar signatures can be very(More)
All existing examples of current measurements by spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) along-track interferometry (ATI) have suffered from short baselines and corresponding low sensitivities. Theoretically, the best data quality at X band is expected at effective baselines on the order of 30 m, i.e. 30 times as long as the baselines of the(More)
We present the first analysis of surface current fields derived from TerraSAR-X along-track interferometric synthetic aperture radar (along-track InSAR, ATI) data. The images were acquired over the mouth of the Elbe river (Germany) during six satellite overpasses in spring and summer 2008, using the experimental “aperture switching” mode of TerraSAR-X. In(More)
The German satellite TerraSAR-X, scheduled for launch in late 2006, will permit high-resolution ocean current measurements by along-track interferometric SAR (along-track InSAR) in various experimental modes of operation, using different sections of its X-band SAR antenna array with a total length of 4.8 m as individual receive antennas. Depending on(More)
We present one of the first studies in which interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) are analyzed with regard to the detectability of ocean surface current variations. The InSAR system of SRTM was designed for high-resolution topographic mapping, using two SAR antennas on a Space Shuttle with a(More)