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BACKGROUND People who live in dwellings treated with indoor residual spraying (IRS) of DDT [1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane] for disease-vector control in the tropics and indigenous populations in the Arctic who consume marine mammals experience high nonoccupational exposure to DDT. Although the use of DDT in IRS is rising, the resulting(More)
BACKGROUND Most empirical estimates of human elimination kinetics for persistent chemicals reflect apparent elimination half-lives that represent the aggregated effect of intrinsic elimination, ongoing exposure, and changes in body weight. However, estimates of intrinsic elimination at background levels are required for risk assessments for the general(More)
Impaired spatial learning is a prominent deficit in fragile X syndrome (FXS). Previous studies using the Fmr1 knockout (KO) mouse model of FXS have not consistently reported a deficit in spatial learning. Fmr1 KO mice bred onto an albino C57BL/6J-Tyr(c-Brd) background showed significant deficits in several primary measures of performance during place(More)
PURPOSE To objectively measure the strength of the capsulotomy performed with a femtosecond laser-assisted technique or performed manually in a pig-eye laboratory study. SETTING International Vision Correction Research Centre, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. DESIGN Experimental study. METHODS Ten fresh pig(More)
BACKGROUND Human milk and blood are monitored to detect time trends of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in humans. It is current practice to use log-linear regression to fit time series of averaged cross-sectional biomonitoring data, here referred to as cross-sectional trend data (CSTD). OBJECTIVE The goals of our study are to clarify the(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate riboflavin-UV-A crosslinking as an alternative suture-free fixation method for biosynthetic corneal collagen implants. METHODS A range of cell-free corneal implants consisting of recombinant human collagen type III were examined. In vitro, the implants were crosslinked with different riboflavin solutions and irradiations. Ex vivo, the(More)