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If the pace of increase in life expectancy in developed countries over the past two centuries continues through the 21st century, most babies born since 2000 in France, Germany, Italy, the UK, the USA, Canada, Japan, and other countries with long life expectancies will celebrate their 100th birthdays. Although trends differ between countries, populations of(More)
  • Lutz Kettner, Emo Welzl, In W Strasser, R Klein, R Rau
  • 1997
Given a polyhedron (in 3-space) and a view point, an edge of the polyhedron is called contour edge, if one of the two incident facets is directed towards the view point, and the other incident facet is directed away from the view point. Algorithms on polyhedra can exploit the fact that the number of contour edges is usually much smaller than the overall(More)
The performance of microprocessors has increased steadily over the past 20 years at a rate of about 50% per year. This is the cumulative result of architectural improvements as well as increases in circuit speed. Moreover, this improvement has been obtained in a transparent fashion, that is, without requiring programmers to rethink their algorithms and(More)
Earlier reports, including a comprehensive 1983 review, had indicated that slowing of radiographic progression was relatively unusual in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using traditional disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. However, in recent years, slowing of radiographic progression has been documented in a number of clinical trials, as well as(More)
This study examined the effects of psychosocial work characteristics on cardiovascular rewind at night. Ambulatory 24-hr recordings of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) of 75 borderline hypertensive and 74 normotensive men were related to diary ratings of perceived control (PC) and to scores of psychological demand (P), control (C), and social support(More)
Stress-strain processes affect human reliability in operators in control of highly automated systems. Job demand and decision latitude play an important role in the modification of these processes. Objective methods of task analysis involving the study of 50 operators controlling an electroenergy network were used to define three "typical' tasks. The(More)
Life expectancy is rising at a steady pace in industrialized countries. Since the 1950's, increases in human life expectancy are largely attributed to improvements in old-age survival. Generally, this is also true for the United States where life expectancy at birth for women is among the highest in the world. Since the 1980's, however, a deceleration of(More)
We model monthly disease counts on an age-time grid using the two-dimensional varying-coefficient Poisson regression. Since the marginal profile of counts shows a very strong and varying annual cycle, sine and cosine regressors model periodicity, but their coefficients are allowed to vary smoothly over the age and time plane. The coefficient surfaces are(More)
The aim of this study is to answer the question of whether improvements in the health of the elderly in European countries could compensate for population ageing on the supply side of the labour market. We propose a state-of-health-specific (additive) decomposition of the old-age dependency ratio into an old-age healthy dependency ratio and an old-age(More)