Roland M. Tisch

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Nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice genetically deficient in B lymphocytes (NODJg mu(null)) are resistant to T cell-mediated autoimmune insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Ig infusions from diabetic NOD donors did not abrogate IDDM resistance in NODJg mu(null) mice. However, T cell responses to the candidate pancreatic beta cell autoantigen glutamic acid(More)
CD20 antibody depletion of B lymphocytes effectively ameliorates multiple T cell-mediated autoimmune diseases through mechanisms that remain unclear. To address this, a mouse CD20 antibody that depletes >95% of mature B cells in mice with otherwise intact immune systems was used to assess the role of B cells in CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cell activation and(More)
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) selectively induces apoptosis of tumor cells but not most normal cells. Its roles in normal nontransformed tissues are not clear. To explore the potential roles of TRAIL in type 1 diabetes, we examined the consequences of TRAIL blockade or TRAIL deficiency in two animal models of(More)
NOD mice deficient for B lymphocytes from birth fail to develop autoimmune or type 1 diabetes. To assess whether B cell depletion influences type 1 diabetes in mice with an intact immune system, NOD female mice representing early and late preclinical stages of disease were treated with mouse anti-mouse CD20 mAbs. Short-term CD20 mAb treatment in 5-wk-old(More)
Natural CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T (CD4(+)CD25(+) T reg) cells play a key role in the immunoregulation of autoimmunity. However, little is known about the interactions between CD4(+)CD25(+) T reg cells and autoreactive T cells. This is due, in part, to the difficulty of using cell surface markers to identify CD4(+)CD25(+) T reg cells accurately. Using a(More)
In this study, we have investigated the use of plasmid DNA (pDNA) vaccination to elicit Th2 effector cell function in an Ag-specific manner and in turn prevent insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) in nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice. pDNA recombinants were engineered encoding a secreted fusion protein consisting of a fragment of glutamic acid(More)
Adiponectin is a hormone that lowers glucose production by increasing liver insulin sensitivity. Insulin blocks the generation of biochemical intermediates for glucose production by inhibiting autophagy. However, autophagy is stimulated by an essential mediator of adiponectin action, AMPK. This deadlock led to our hypothesis that adiponectin inhibits(More) Information about reproducing this article in parts or in its entirety may be found online at: Information about ordering reprints may be found online at:(More)
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease mediated by beta cell-specific CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells. Tracking beta cell-specific T cells is one approach to monitor the diabetogenic response in at risk or diabetic individuals. Such analyses, however, are limited to PBL because T cells infiltrating the pancreatic islets are normally inaccessible. A key issue is(More)