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As methods for determining protein three-dimensional (3D) structure develop, a continuing problem is how to verify that the final protein model is correct. The revision of several protein models to correct errors has prompted the development of new criteria for judging the validity of X-ray and NMR structures, as well as the formation of energetic and(More)
The inverse protein folding problem, the problem of finding which amino acid sequences fold into a known three-dimensional (3D) structure, can be effectively attacked by finding sequences that are most compatible with the environments of the residues in the 3D structure. The environments are described by: (i) the area of the residue buried in the protein(More)
The profile method, for detecting distantly related proteins by sequence comparison, has been extended to incorporate secondary structure information from known X-ray structures. The sequence of a known structure is aligned to sequences of other members of a given folding class. From the known structure, the secondary structure (alpha-helix, beta-strand or(More)
The proteome of normal male urine from a commercial pooled source has been examined using direct liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The entire urinary protein mixture was denatured, reduced and enzymatically digested prior to LC-MS/MS analysis using a hybrid-quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer (Q-TOF) to perform(More)
A simple multidimensional liquid chromatography system utilizing an isocratic pump and a HPLC system is described for the comprehensive proteomic analysis of complex peptide digest mixtures by coupled LC-LC-MS-MS techniques. A binary ion-exchange separation was achieved through the use of a strong cation-exchange column followed by a reversed-phase column(More)
With an emphasis on obtaining a multitude of high quality tandem mass spectrometry spectra for protein identification, instrumental parameters are described for the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis of trypsin digested unfractionated urine using a hybrid quadrupole-time-of-flight (Q-TOF) mass spectrometer. Precursor acquisition rates(More)
Mass spectrometry-based proteomics experiments have become an important tool for studying biological systems. Identifying the proteins in complex mixtures by assigning peptide fragmentation spectra to peptide sequences is an important step in the proteomics process. The 1-2 ppm mass-accuracy of hybrid instruments, like the LTQ-FT, has been cited as a key(More)
The success of the mass spectrometric-based approaches for the identification of gel-separated proteins relies upon recovery of peptides, without high levels of ionization-suppressing contaminants, in solvents compatible with the mass spectrometer being employed. We sought to determine whether in-gel or on-membrane digestion provided a significant advantage(More)