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BACKGROUND The origin of auditory hallucinations, which are one of the core symptoms of schizophrenia, is still a matter of debate. It has been hypothesized that alterations in connectivity between frontal and parietotemporal speech-related areas might contribute to the pathogenesis of auditory hallucinations. These networks are assumed to become(More)
In spite of the facts that magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is applied as clinical tool in non-specialized institutions and that semi-automatic acquisition and processing tools can be used to produce quantitative information from MRS exams without expert information, issues of spectral quality and quality assessment are neglected in the literature of(More)
A generally applicable method for almost complete suppression of signal artifacts on electrophysiological signals caused by B0-gradient switching (gradient noise) is presented. The method is demonstrated for electrocardiograms (ECGs) but can also be used for other electrophysiological signals. It takes advantage of the fact that under certain conditions,(More)
Cerebral metabolite concentrations and water content were measured by means of localized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in 50 children, while metabolite peak ratios in short echo time spectra were evaluated in 173 examinations. Normative curves for normal development were established for two cerebral locations. The current report presents the first(More)
The objective of this study was to demonstrate 1H MR spectroscopy (MRS) changes in cerebral metabolites after acute head trauma. Twenty-five patients (12 children, 13 adults) were examined with quantitative 1H MRS after closed head injury. Clinical grade (Glasgow Coma Scale [GCS]) and outcome (Rancho Los Amigos Medical Center Outcome Score [ROS]) were(More)
Intra-myocellular lipids (IMCL) are stored in droplets in the cytoplasm of muscle cells and are an energy storage form readily accessed during long-term exercise. 1H-MR spectroscopy methods are presented for noninvasive determination of IMCL in human muscle. This is based on (a) the separation of two resonances in the lipid-CH2-region, with the one assigned(More)
Localized proton magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy was used to define biochemical changes in gray and white matter of the cerebral cortex in 22 patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), including 10 episodes of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), compared with MR spectra in 30 healthy subjects. Five distinct metabolic abnormalities were identified: Concentrations(More)
Carnosine (β-alanyl-l-histidine) is found in high concentrations in skeletal muscle and chronic β-alanine (BA) supplementation can increase carnosine content. This placebo-controlled, double-blind study compared two different 8-week BA dosing regimens on the time course of muscle carnosine loading and 8-week washout, leading to a BA dose–response study with(More)
PURPOSE Our purpose was to study effects of creatine (Cr) supplementation on muscle metabolites noninvasively by means of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) before and after supplementation with Cr or placebo. METHODS 1H-MRS was used in a comprehensive, double-blind, cross-over study in 10 volunteers to measure Cr in m. tibialis anterior and m. rectus(More)
Proton magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy of the brain was performed in 11 patients with chronic hepatic encephalopathy (CHE), and the results were compared with those of patients with liver disease but without CHE; clinical control subjects with diabetes, uremia, or cortical atrophy; and healthy subjects. The technique of water-suppressed stimulated-echo(More)