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BACKGROUND The origin of auditory hallucinations, which are one of the core symptoms of schizophrenia, is still a matter of debate. It has been hypothesized that alterations in connectivity between frontal and parietotemporal speech-related areas might contribute to the pathogenesis of auditory hallucinations. These networks are assumed to become(More)
In spite of the facts that magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is applied as clinical tool in non-specialized institutions and that semi-automatic acquisition and processing tools can be used to produce quantitative information from MRS exams without expert information, issues of spectral quality and quality assessment are neglected in the literature of(More)
Cerebral metabolite concentrations and water content were measured by means of localized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in 50 children, while metabolite peak ratios in short echo time spectra were evaluated in 173 examinations. Normative curves for normal development were established for two cerebral locations. The current report presents the first(More)
Large neutral amino acids (LNAAs), including phenylalanine (Phe), compete for transport across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) via the L-type amino acid carrier. Accordingly, elevated plasma Phe impairs brain uptake of other LNAAs in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU). Direct effects of elevated brain Phe and depleted LNAAs are probably major causes for(More)
The objective of this study was to demonstrate 1H MR spectroscopy (MRS) changes in cerebral metabolites after acute head trauma. Twenty-five patients (12 children, 13 adults) were examined with quantitative 1H MRS after closed head injury. Clinical grade (Glasgow Coma Scale [GCS]) and outcome (Rancho Los Amigos Medical Center Outcome Score [ROS]) were(More)
A generally applicable method for almost complete suppression of signal artifacts on electrophysiological signals caused by B0-gradient switching (gradient noise) is presented. The method is demonstrated for electrocardiograms (ECGs) but can also be used for other electrophysiological signals. It takes advantage of the fact that under certain conditions,(More)
Intra-myocellular lipids (IMCL) are stored in droplets in the cytoplasm of muscle cells and are an energy storage form readily accessed during long-term exercise. 1H-MR spectroscopy methods are presented for noninvasive determination of IMCL in human muscle. This is based on (a) the separation of two resonances in the lipid-CH2-region, with the one assigned(More)
Localized proton magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy was used to define biochemical changes in gray and white matter of the cerebral cortex in 22 patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), including 10 episodes of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), compared with MR spectra in 30 healthy subjects. Five distinct metabolic abnormalities were identified: Concentrations(More)
Both severe impairments of brain development in untreated infants and acute reversible neurotoxic effects on brain function are clinical features of phenylketonuria (PKU). For determining whether impairments of cerebral energy metabolism play a role in the pathophysiology of PKU, quantitative in vivo 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) was performed(More)
A multimodal MR study including relaxometry, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and MR spectroscopy was performed on patients with classical phenylketonuria (PKU) and matched controls, to improve our understanding of white matter (WM) lesions. Relaxometry yields information on myelin loss or malformation and may substantiate results from DTI attributed to(More)