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Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules present peptides, produced through cytosolic proteasomal degradation of cellular proteins, to cytotoxic T lymphocytes. In dendritic cells, the peptides can also be derived from internalized antigens through a process known as cross-presentation. The cellular compartments involved in cross-presentation(More)
Identification of tumor-associated Ags is a prerequisite for vaccine-based and adoptive immune therapies. Some tumor-associated Ags elicit specific CD8 T cells in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Here, we characterized ex vivo responses of CD8 T cells from CML patients to extrajunction bcr-abl peptides and telomerase 540-548 hTert, PR1, and WT1(More)
Type 1 diabetes is thought to result from the destruction of beta-cells by autoantigen-specific T-cells. Observations in the NOD mouse model suggest that CD8+ cytotoxic T-cells play an essential role in both the initial triggering of insulitis and its destructive phase. However, little is known about the epitopes derived from human beta-cell autoantigens(More)
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I cross-presentation is thought to involve two pathways, one of which depends on both the TAP transporters and the proteasome and the other on neither. We found that preincubation of TAP-deficient dendritic cells at low temperature increases the density of MHC class I at the surface and fully restores(More)
Type 1 diabetes results from the destruction of β-cells by an autoimmune T-cell response assisted by antigen-presenting B cells producing autoantibodies. CD8(+) T-cell responses against islet cell antigens, thought to play a central role in diabetes pathogenesis, can be monitored using enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot (ELISpot) assays. However, such assays(More)
Type I diabetes mellitus is caused by autoimmune destruction of pancreatic beta cells, and effective treatment of the disease might require rescuing beta cell function in a context of reinstalled immune tolerance. Sertoli cells (SCs) are found in the testes, where their main task is to provide local immunological protection and nourishment to developing(More)
Targeting of proteins to APCs is an attractive strategy for eliciting adaptive immune responses. However, the relationship between the choice of the targeted receptor and the quality and quantity of responses remains poorly understood. We describe a strategy for expression of Ags including hydrophobic proteins as soluble fusion proteins that are optimized(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess a new adenovirus-based immunotherapy as a novel treatment approach to chronic hepatitis B (CHB). METHODS TG1050 is a non-replicative adenovirus serotype 5 encoding a unique large fusion protein composed of a truncated HBV Core, a modified HBV Polymerase and two HBV Envelope domains. We used a recently described HBV-persistent mouse(More)
UNLABELLED Seasonal influenza is a vaccine-preventable disease that remains a major health problem worldwide, especially in immunocompromised populations. The impact of influenza disease is even greater when strains drift, and influenza pandemics can result when animal-derived influenza virus strains combine with seasonal strains. In this study, we used the(More)
Peptide ligands presented by MHC class I (MHC-I) molecules are produced by degradation of cytosolic and nuclear, but also endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident, proteins by the proteasome. However, Ag processing of ER proteins remains little characterized. Studying processing and presentation of proinsulin, which plays a pivotal role in autoimmune diabetes,(More)