Roland Kramer

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To determine the effect of antimicrobial therapy on acute pulmonary exacerbations in cystic fibrosis, a randomized, double-blind trial of tobramycin and placebo was carried out. Clinical responses were satisfactory in all 11 children given tobramycin and in seven of 11 given placebo. Two patients in the placebo group died. No patient given placebo had(More)
UNLABELLED We have determined rates of leakage of radioactivity from a rabbit synovial pouch in vivo for a number of particle systems of varying sizes and differing resistance to degradation. The estimates were made using a gamma scintillation camera and without killing the test animals. The lowest leakage at twenty-four hours was seen with inert carbonized(More)
Embolization of entrapped intracardiac air represents a significant risk to the patient undergoing open heart surgery. To date, there have been no menas available to ensure that the heart is free of air prior to restoration of the circulation. To assess whether M mode echocardiography can accurately detect intracardiac air, we studied 10 dogs during(More)
The short half-life beta emitter 165Dy coprecipitated as a macroaggregate with ferric hydroxide (FHMA) has been shown to destroy knee synovium in the antigen-induced arthritic rabbit. Using 153Gd as a gamma tracer for leakage studies revealed that the leakage of this system from rabbit knee joints never exceeded 1.2% over 24 hours. This is such less than(More)
During a 22-month period 35 children with cystic fibrosis received 52 courses of antibiotic therapy for acute pulmonary exacerbations, including 26 cases of therapy with piperacillin and 26 courses with ticarcillin plus tobramycin. Groups were similar in age (5 vs. 5.4 years), disease severity based on Schwachman scores and presenting symptoms. Pseudomonas(More)
Heparan sulfate (HS) is a linear, polydisperse sulfated polysaccharide belonging to the glycosaminoglycan family. HS proteoglycans are ubiquitously found at the cell surface and extracellular matrix in animal species. HS is involved in the interaction with a wide variety of proteins and the regulation of many biological activities. In certain pathologic(More)
Dextran sulfate is semi-synthetic, polydisperse sulfated polysaccharide with important applications in clinical practice, in the manufacturing of plasma derived protein therapeutics and in biomedical research. The sensitive detection of dextran sulfate is relevant to preclinical and clinical drug development projects, the quality control of pharmaceutic(More)
Heparin is an important anticoagulant drug, about one billion doses are produced annually. It is a polydisperse sulfated polysaccharide, and the inherent heterogeneity makes the analysis of heparin difficult. The global crisis resulting from adulterated heparin in 2008 has drawn renewed attention to the challenges that are associated with the quality(More)