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Metastasis from primary tumors remains a major problem for tumor therapy. In the search for markers of metastasis and more effective therapies, the tumor metabolome is relevant because of its importance to the malignant phenotype and metastatic capacity of tumor cells. Altered choline metabolism is a hallmark of cancer. More specifically, a decreased(More)
Workers occupationally exposed to cadmium, cobalt and lead have been reported to have increased levels of DNA damage. To analyze whether in vivo relevant concentrations of heavy metals cause systematic alterations in RNA expression patterns, we performed a gene array study using primary normal human bronchial epithelial cells. Cells were incubated with 15(More)
A NMR microprobe based on microstrip technology suitable for investigations of volume-limited samples in the low nanoliter range was designed. NMR spectra of sample quantities in the 100 pmol range can be obtained with this probe in a few seconds. The planar geometry of the probe is easily adaptable to the size and geometry requirements of the samples.
The synthesis of grafted PMMA homopolymer films is reported using a surface-initiated reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (SI-RAFT) polymerization from a RAFT-agent immobilized on a silanized stainless steel surface. Therefore, stainless steel surfaces were hydroxylated with piranha solution followed by silanization with 3-aminopropylsilane(More)
Recent proof-of-principle studies demonstrated the suitability of the surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi) technique for the detection of individual submicrometer and nanoparticles in solutions. In the current study, we used the SPRi technique for visualization of the binding of round-shaped viruses (inactivated influenza A virus) and virus-like(More)
For the analysis of metabolite systems, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has become an important quantitative monitoring technology. Automated quantitation methods are highly desired and mainly characterized by the tasks of model selection and parameter approximation. This paper proposes a promising automated two stage approach in the(More)
A three-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique for non-invasive mapping of iron in the apoplastic fluid of plant compartments was developed. The new technique was applied to a leaf of red stem dogwood (Cornus stolonifera). The results are compared with MRI measurements of iron distributions in two dimensions and with total reflection(More)
The pH-dependent switching of a poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) polyelectrolyte brush was investigated in situ using infrared spectroscopic ellipsometry (IRSE). The brush was synthesized by a "grafting to" procedure on silicon substrate with a native oxide layer. The overall thickness of the PAA brush in the dry state was approximately 5 nm. Reversible switching(More)