Roland Hartig

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Many studies aim at improving therapeutic efficacy by combining strategies with oxidative stress-inducing drugs and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors in colorectal cancer. As p53 and p21(WAF1) are essential in oxidative stress-induced DNA damage, we investigated epigenetic regulation of p21(WAF1) promoter. Firstly, HCT116 p53(+)/(+) and p53(-)/(-)(More)
The production of hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) drives tumourigenesis in ulcerative colitis (UC). Recently, we showed that H2 O2 activates DNA damage checkpoints in human colonic epithelial cells (HCEC) through c-Jun N-terminal Kinases (JNK) that induces p21(WAF1) . Moreover, caspases circumvented the G1/S and intra-S checkpoints, and cells accumulated in(More)
Besides the well-understood DNA damage response via establishment of G(2) checkpoint arrest, novel studies focus on the recovery from arrest by checkpoint override to monitor cell cycle re-entry. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of Chk1 in the recovery from G(2) checkpoint arrest in HCT116 (human colorectal cancer) wt, p53(-/-) and p21(-/-)(More)
Superagonistic CD28 antibodies (CD28SAs) activate T lymphocytes without concomitant perturbation of the TCR/CD3-complex. In rodents these reagents induce the preferential expansion of regulatory T cells and can be used for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Unexpectedly, the humanized CD28 superagonist TGN1412 caused severe and life threatening adverse(More)
Cancer cells showing low apoptotic effects following oxidative stress-induced DNA damage are mainly affected by growth arrest. Thus, recent studies focus on improving anti-cancer therapies by increasing apoptosis sensitivity. We aimed at identifying a universal molecule as potential target to enhance oxidative stress-based anti-cancer therapy through a(More)
The global use of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is constantly growing and the field strengths increasing. Yet, only little data about harmful biological effects caused by MRI exposure are available and published research analyzing the impact of MRI on DNA integrity reported controversial results. This in vitro study aimed to investigate the genotoxic and(More)
VGF is a protein expressed by neurons and processed into several peptides. It plays a role in energy homeostasis and promotes growth and survival. Recently, VGF mRNA was detected in peripheral leukocytes. Since it is known that aging is associated with a decrease in the development and function of neuronal as well as immune cells, we addressed the question(More)
Tumor side population (SP) cells display stem-like properties that can be modulated by treatment with the calcium channel blocker verapamil. Verapamil can enhance the cytotoxic effects of chemotherapeutic drugs and multidrug resistance by targeting the transport function of the P-glycoprotein (P-gp). This study focused on the therapeutic potential of(More)
PURPOSE To examine the extent of genetic damage, assessed from deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) double-strand breaks (DSBs) and micronuclei (MN) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from individuals repeatedly exposed to 7T Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS The study protocol was approved by the local ethics committee. Informed(More)
Secretion of VGF is increased in cerebrospinal fluid and blood in neurodegenerative disorders like Alzheimer's disease (AD) and VGF is a potential biomarker for these disorders. We have shown that VGF is expressed in peripheral T cells and is correlated with T cell survival and cytokine secretion. The frequency of VGF+CD3+ T cells increases with normal(More)