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Superagonistic CD28 antibodies (CD28SAs) activate T lymphocytes without concomitant perturbation of the TCR/CD3-complex. In rodents these reagents induce the preferential expansion of regulatory T cells and can be used for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. Unexpectedly, the humanized CD28 superagonist TGN1412 caused severe and life threatening adverse(More)
In this work, fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy in the time domain was used to study the fluorescence dynamics of ECFP and of the ratiometric chloride sensor Clomeleon along neuronal development. The multiexponential analysis of fluorophores combined with the study of the contributions of the individual lifetimes (decay-associated spectra) was used(More)
Methyltransferase inhibitors commonly used in clinical trials promote tumor cell death, but their detailed cytotoxic action is not yet fully understood. A deeper knowledge about their apotosis-inducing mechanisms and their interaction with DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) DNMT1, DNMT3a, and DNMT3b might allow the design of more effective drugs with lower(More)
The Helicobacter pylori immunodominant protein, CagA, is associated with severe gastritis and carcinoma. Injection of CagA into gastric epithelial cells by type IV secretion leads to actin-cytoskeletal rearrangements and cell scattering. CagA has been reported to have no role in the induction of transcription factor NF-kappaB and IL-8, which are crucial(More)
Integrins are important mammalian receptors involved in normal cellular functions as well as pathogenesis of chronic inflammation and cancer. We propose that integrins are exploited by the gastric pathogen and type-1 carcinogen Helicobacter pylori for injection of the bacterial oncoprotein cytotoxin-associated gene A (CagA) into gastric epithelial cells.(More)
Cell migration and invasion require the coordinated regulation of cytoskeletal architectural changes by signaling factors, including the actin-binding protein cortactin. Bacterial and viral pathogens subvert these signaling factors to promote their uptake, spread and dissemination. We show that the gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori (Hp) targets cortactin(More)
Dexamethasone exerts a stimulatory effect of rapid-onset on the polymerization of actin. This has been documented in human endometrial adenocarcinoma Ishikawa cells, resulting in an acute, dose-dependent decrease in the G/total-actin ratio. In the present study we completely characterized this fast and apparently nongenomic effect of dexamethasone on actin(More)
Glioblastomas are known to be highly chemoresistant, but HDAC inhibitors (HDACi) have been shown to be of therapeutic relevance for this aggressive tumor type. We treated U87 glioblastoma cells with trichostatin A (TSA) to define potential epigenetic targets for HDACi-mediated antitumor effects. Using a cDNA array analysis covering 96 cell cycle genes,(More)
We report the investigation of Foerster's Resonance Energy Transfer dynamics in GFP based tandem constructs in living T-cells using a combination of Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging Microscopy (FLIM) and Fluorescence Lifetime Micro-Spectroscopy (FLMS) at picosecond time resolution and nanometer spectral resolution. The involvement of multiple lifetimes of CFP(More)
Helicobacter pylori is the causative agent of gastric pathologies ranging from chronic gastritis to peptic ulcers and even cancer. Virulent strains carrying both the cag pathogenicity island (cagPAI) and the vacuolating cytotoxin VacA are key players in disease development. The cagPAI encodes a type IV secretion system (T4SS) which forms a pilus for(More)