Roland Guinet

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Emerging yeast pathogens are favoured by increasing numbers of immunocompromised patients and by certain current medical practices. These yeasts differ in their antifungal drug susceptibilities, and rapid species identification is imperative. A large variety of methods have been developed with the aim of facilitating rapid, accurate yeast identification.(More)
A total of 322 yeast strains and yeastlike organisms belonging to the genera Candida, Cryptococcus, Geotrichum, Saccharomyces, and Trichosporon were tested with the new monoclonal antibody-based Bichro-latex albicans and Krusei color latex tests. Comparison of results with those obtained by conventional identification methods showed 100% sensitivity for(More)
Six commercially available systems for the identification of yeasts were evaluated using 133 clinical isolates and four reference strains that had been previously identified by conventional methods and 19 recent clinical isolates that had been identified by the ID32C system (bioMérieux, France). The total identification rates (TIR) established for the total(More)
Five yeast strains, causally associated with septicemia and death in a patient after peritonitis, were identified as Candida lusitaniae van Uden et do Carmo-Sousa by standard methods. The organism was initially susceptible to 5-fluorocytosine but strongly resistant to amphotericin B, requiring 50 micrograms/ml for complete inhibition at 48 h.
In order to explore pathologies possibly associated with vitamin K deficiency, several monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were produced against human Desgamma-Carboxy-Prothrombin (DCP). One of these mAbs, designated C4B6, detected DCP forms in the presence of Calcium ions, confirmed by comparison with the patterns of two electrophoretic techniques:(More)
A simple electrophoretic method for yeast identification was evaluated. Whole cells were extracted by SDS and the protein profiles obtained in SDS-PAGE after Coomassie blue staining were compared for 52 strains from 9 species of yeast or yeast-like fungi commonly isolated from man (Candida albicans, C. glabrata, C. guilliermondii, C. krusei, C.(More)
The new micromethod for yeast susceptibility testing, MYCOTOTAL, was evaluated with 10 reference strains in seven laboratories. Ready-to-use microtitration plates and the same synthetic medium were used with two dilutions of imidazoles, flucytosine, and amphotericin B, permitting the categorization of each strain as susceptible, intermediate, or resistant.(More)
Over the past several decades there has been a significant increase in the number of fungal diseases. Although infections can occur in normal hosts, most of them are seen in patients who are immunosuppressed or immunocompromised such as those with AIDS or who have received transplants, corticoids or anticancer drugs [1]. Other predisposing factors(More)
In the absence of vitamin K or in the presence of the vitamin K antagonists, abnormal nonfunctional forms of prothrombin circulate in the blood. A reliable and reproducible technique, derived from traditional crossed affinoimmunoelectrophoresis in presence of calcium lactate, was developed and optimized. The technique is based on nondenaturing(More)