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This study in birds provides anatomical, immunohistochemical, and hodological data on a prosencephalic region in which the nomenclature is still a matter of discussion. In quail, this region is located just dorsal to the anterior commissure and extends from the level of the medial part of the preoptic area at its most rostral end to the caudal aspects of(More)
A method for the non-invasive measurement of glucocorticoid metabolites in feces of chickens was established and validated. After high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) the presence of at least two fecal immunoreactives was demonstrated, one co-eluting with authentic corticosterone, whereas the second substance migrates close to corticosterone(More)
A strong sex dimorphism in the distribution of immunoreactive arginine-vasotocin (AVT) and AVT mRNA was observed in telencephalic and dorsal diencephalic areas of the domestic fowl using immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization. Two subgroups of immunoreactive parvocellular perikarya surrounded by dense plexus of immunoreactive fibres were found within(More)
In situ hybridization with a P33-labelled cDNA probe was used to analyze the effects of castration and replacement therapy by testosterone on the number of neurons expressing vasotocin mRNA in the male quail brain. Castration completely eliminated neurons expressing vasotocin mRNA in the previously described parvocellular vasotocin cell groups, located in(More)
The avian hypothalamic nonapeptide arginine vasotocin (AVT) is released from axon terminals in the neural lobe upon the application of osmotic stimuli. We have investigated whether, and to what extent, hormone secretion from the neurohypophysis is related to gene expression in the hypothalamus. Results from hybridization experiments with an AVT-specific(More)
The currently available evidence points to a possible influence of growth hormone (GH) on avian folliculogenesis, which can be mediated by both hepatic- and ovarian-derived IGF-I. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to reveal GH-binding sites in granulosa and theca layers of preovulatory follicles and to determine the binding characteristics(More)
Ghrelin has recently emerged as pleiotropic regulator of a wide array of endocrine and non-endocrine functions. The former likely includes the control of gonadal function, as expression of ghrelin and its putative receptor, the GH secretagogue receptor type 1a (GHS-R1a), has been described in mammalian gonads, and direct effects of ghrelin in the control of(More)
Abstract An ontogenic series of chick embryo brains (4, 6, 9,12,14,16 and 18 days of incubation, hatching day: 21) was coronally or saggitally sectioned and investigated for expression of the arginine vasotocin (AVT)/mesotocin (MT) gene. To this end a 39mer oligonucleotide recognizing the AVT/MT encoding sequence of their respective mRNAs was constructed(More)
The general aim of these in-vitro experiments was to determine whether ghrelin controls the secretory activity of chicken ovarian cells and whether its action is mediated by TK-, MAPK-, CDK- or PKA-dependent intracellular mechanisms. We postulated that particular protein kinases could be considered as mediators of ghrelin action (a) if they are controlled(More)
The aim of our study was to examine the involvement of IGF-II, tyrosine kinases (TK)- and MAP kinases (MAPK)-dependent intracellular mechanisms in the control of ovarian functions in the domestic fowl, as well as the role of these kinases in mediating the IGF-II effect on this process. For this purpose, we studied the influence of IGF-II (0,1,10 or 100(More)