Roland F. Hoffmann

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A subset of asthma patients suffer from glucocorticoid (GC) insensitivity. T-helper cell type 17 cells have an emerging role in GC insensitivity, although the mechanisms are still poorly understood. We investigated whether interleukin (IL)-17A induces GC insensitivity in airway epithelium by studying its effects on responsiveness of tumour necrosis factor(More)
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking is the major risk factor for COPD, leading to chronic airway inflammation. We hypothesized that cigarette smoke induces structural and functional changes of airway epithelial mitochondria, with important implications for lung inflammation and COPD pathogenesis. METHODS We studied changes in mitochondrial morphology and in(More)
Betaine uptake in Listeria monocytogenes is mediated by three independent transport systems, the simplest of which in genetic terms is the secondary transporter BetL. Using a random mutagenesis approach, based on the E. coli XL1 Red mutator strain, we identified a single point mutation in a putative promoter region upstream of the BetL coding region which(More)
Several mutations in nuclear genes encoding for mitochondrial components have been associated with an increased cancer risk or are even causative, e.g. succinate dehydrogenase (SDHB, SDHC and SDHD genes) and iso-citrate dehydrogenase (IDH1 and IDH2 genes). Recently, studies have suggested an eminent role for mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations in the(More)
RATIONALE Cigarette smoke is the major risk factor in the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Lipidomics is a novel and emerging research field that may provide new insights in the origins of chronic inflammatory diseases, such as COPD. OBJECTIVES To investigate whether expression of the sputum lipidome is affected by COPD or(More)
Increasing amounts of data support a role for guanine quadruplex (G4) DNA and RNA structures in various cellular processes. We stained different organisms with monoclonal antibody 1H6 specific for G4 DNA. Strikingly, immuno-electron microscopy showed exquisite specificity for heterochromatin. Polytene chromosomes from Drosophila salivary glands showed bands(More)
BACKGROUND We hypothesised that increased oxidative stress, as present in the airways of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, induces epithelial damage and reduces epithelial responsiveness to suppressive effects of corticosteroids on proinflammatory cytokine production and barrier function. METHODS We induced oxidative stress(More)
In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), oxidative stress regulates the inflammatory response of bronchial epithelium and monocytes/macrophages through kinase modulation and has been linked to glucocorticoid unresponsiveness. Glycogen synthase-3β (GSK3β) inactivation plays a key role in mediating signaling processes upon reactive oxygen species(More)
X Anta Ngkelo,* Roland F. Hoffmann,* Andrew L. Durham, John A. Marwick, Simone M. Brandenburg, Harold G. de Bruin, Marnix R. Jonker, Christos Rossios, Eleni Tsitsiou, Gaetano Caramori, Marco Contoli, Paolo Casolari, Francesco Monaco, Filippo Andò, Giuseppe Speciale, Iain Kilty, Kian F. Chung, Alberto Papi, Mark A. Lindsay, Nick H. T. ten Hacken, Maarten van(More)
We propose a mechanism of action for the betL* mutation which is based on DNA topology. Removing a single thymine residue from the betL σ(A) promoter's -10 and -35 spacer results in a 'twist'-mediated activation of transcription which accounts for the osmotolerance phenotype observed for strains expressing betL*.