Learn More
The content of these European Society of Cardiology (ESC) Guidelines has been published for personal and educational use only. No commercial use is authorized. No part of the ESC Guidelines may be translated or reproduced in any form without written permission from the ESC. Permission can be obtained upon submission of a written request to Oxford University(More)
BACKGROUND Activation of renal sympathetic nerves is key to pathogenesis of essential hypertension. We aimed to assess effectiveness and safety of catheter-based renal denervation for reduction of blood pressure in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension. METHODS In this multicentre, prospective, randomised trial, patients who had a baseline(More)
The renin-angiotensin system is a major regulatory system of cardiovascular and renal function. Basic research has revealed exciting new aspects, which could lead to novel or modified therapeutic approaches. Renin-angiotensin system blockade exerts potent antiatherosclerotic effects, which are mediated by their antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory,(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) and angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are known to reduce proteinuria. Their combination might be more effective than either treatment alone, but long-term data for comparative changes in renal function are not available. We investigated the renal effects of ramipril (an ACE inhibitor), telmisartan(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation is an early sign of atherosclerosis in hypercholesterolemic patients. We hypothesized that lipid-lowering therapy can improve endothelial function and that this effect is mainly mediated by increased bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO). METHODS AND RESULTS In a randomized, double-blind,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Arterial hypertension constitutes a central factor in the pathogenesis of stroke. We examined endothelial function of the retinal vasculature as a model of the cerebral circulation. METHODS Thirty-eight young subjects (19 hypertensive and 19 normotensive) were treated with the AT1-receptor blocker candesartan cilexetil and placebo,(More)
OBJECTIVES The authors reviewed published clinical trial data on the effects of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibition for the prevention of atrial fibrillation (AF), aiming to define when RAS inhibition is most effective. BACKGROUND Individual studies examining the effects of RAS inhibition on AF prevention have reported controversial results. (More)
Observations in animals and humans show that pain sensitivity might be lower (and pain tolerance higher) in hypertensive as compared to normotensive subjects. One hypothesis, derived from experimental studies, assumes that enhanced activation of baroreceptors leads to an enhanced central inhibition. A central hypothesis assumes changes in the central(More)
Hypertension is an important independent risk factor for renal disease. If hypertension and chronic renal disease co-exist, as is common in patients with diabetes mellitus, the risk of cardiovascular disease is heightened. The importance of rigorous blood pressure control is recognized in current guidelines, with a recommended target of office blood(More)
PURPOSE There is evidence that generalized retinal arteriolar narrowing, which can be measured by the arteriole-to-venule ratio (AVR) of retinal vessels, predicts cerebrovascular events. The wall-to-lumen ratio (WLR) and wall cross-sectional area (WCSA) of retinal arterioles reflect structural arteriolar parameters. The primary objective was to test the(More)