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Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), the most common severe congenital heart malformation, occurs sporadically, without other anomaly, and from unknown cause in 70% of cases. Through a genome-wide survey of 114 subjects with TOF and their unaffected parents, we identified 11 de novo copy number variants (CNVs) that were absent or extremely rare (<0.1%) in 2,265(More)
DFNA9 is an autosomal dominant, nonsyndromic, progressive sensorineural hearing loss with vestibular pathology. Here we report three missense mutations in human COCH (previously described as Coch5b2), a novel cochlear gene, in three unrelated kindreds with DFNA9. All three residues mutated in DFNA9 are conserved in mouse and chicken Coch, and are found in a(More)
BACKGROUND Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) are prevalent disorders that occur alone or as components of complex multisystem syndromes. Multiple genetic loci have been identified that, when mutated, cause DCM or SNHL. However, the isolated coinheritance of these phenotypes has not been previously recognized. METHODS AND(More)
Posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE) is a major long-term complication of traumatic brain injury (TBI). PTE usually develops within 5 years of head injury. The risk for developing PTE varies with TBI type. Both Korean and Vietnam war veterans with penetrating TBI had a 53% risk of developing PTE. The risk of developing PTE is between 10% and 25% in(More)
Norrie's disease is an x-linked recessive disorder characterized by progressive oculoacousticocerebral degeneration. The light and electron microscopic changes in the temporal bones, eyes, and brain of an affected 77-year-old man who suffered from bilateral profound sensorineural hearing loss, blindness, and mental retardation are described. The inner ears(More)
OBJECTIVE A previous pilot series described a hybrid mastoidectomy technique, canal wall window (CWW), which substituted for the canal wall down (CWD) procedure and involved slitting the posterior canal wall. The current, larger series compares the results of the CWW procedure with conventional surgical techniques. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective analysis of(More)
The proband, a French-Canadian white boy, presented with congenital sensory polyneuropathy, moderate to severe sensorineural hearing loss, infantile cataracts, nystagmus, esotropia, unusual facies, hypotonia, bilateral congenital hip dysplasia, delayed ossification of the femoral heads, scoliosis, short stature secondary to growth hormone deficiency, and(More)
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