Roland C. Grafström

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This paper provides guidance on how to assess the safety of foods derived from genetically modified crops (GM crops); it summarises conclusions and recommendations of Working Group 1 of the ENTRANSFOOD project. The paper provides an approach for adapting the test strategy to the characteristics of the modified crop and the introduced trait, and assessing(More)
We demonstrate here that synthetic 22-mer peptide 46, corresponding to the car boxy-terminal amino acid residues 361–382 of p53, can activate specific DNA binding of wild-type p53 in vitro and can restore the transcriptional transactivating function of at least some mutant p53 proteins in living cells. Introduction of peptide 46 in Saos-2 cells carrying a(More)
PURPOSE To identify novel therapeutic opportunities for patients with prostate cancer, we applied high-throughput screening to systematically explore most currently marketed drugs and drug-like molecules for their efficacy against a panel of prostate cancer cells. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We carried out a high-throughput cell-based screening with proliferation(More)
Many carbonyl metabolizing enzymes are equally involved in xenobiotic and endogenous metabolism, but few have been investigated in terms of substrate competition and interference between different cellular pathways. Mammalian alcohol dehydrogenase 3 (ADH3) represents the key enzyme in the formaldehyde detoxification pathway by oxidation of(More)
Because formaldehyde exposure has been shown to induce pathological changes in human oral mucosa, eg, micronuclei, the potential enzymatic defense by alcohol dehydrogenase 3 (ADH3)/glutathione-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase was characterized in oral tissue specimens and cell lines using RNA hybridization and immunological methods as well as enzyme(More)
GSNO (S-nitrosoglutathione) is emerging as a key regulator in NO signalling as it is in equilibrium with S-nitrosated proteins. Accordingly, it is of great interest to investigate GSNO metabolism in terms of competitive pathways and redox state. The present study explored ADH3 (alcohol dehydrogenase 3) in its dual function as GSNOR (GSNO reductase) and(More)
Induction of airway hyperresponsiveness and asthma from formaldehyde inhalation exposure remains a debated and controversial issue. Yet, recent evidences on pulmonary biology and the pharmacokinetics and toxicity of formaldehyde lend support for such adverse effects. Specifically, altered thiol biology from accelerated enzymatic reduction of the endogenous(More)
Because betel quid chewing has been linked to the development of oral cancer, pathobiological effects of an aqueous areca nut extract, four areca nut alkaloids (arecoline, guvacoline, guvacine, and arecaidine), and four nitrosated derivatives [N-nitrosoguvacoline, N-nitrosoguvacine, 3-(N-nitrosomethylamino)propionaldehyde and(More)
Acetaldehyde (AA) and methylglyoxal (MG) are reactive, ubiquitous aldehydes, present in the environment and endogenously formed in animals and humans. They have both been shown to readily form DNA adducts under simulated physiological conditions. We report here on the use of cultured normal and SV40T antigen-immortalized human buccal epithelial cells as(More)
Constituents in food and fluids, tobacco chemicals and many drugs are candidates for oral absorption and oxidative metabolism. On this basis, the expression of cytochrome P450 isozymes (CYPs) and the conversion of CYP substrates were analysed in reference to buccal mucosa. A RT-PCR based analysis of human buccal tissue from 13 individuals demonstrated(More)