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In this paper, we describe a novel approach in fusing optical flow with inertial cues (3D acceleration and 3D angular velocities) in order to navigate a Micro Aerial Vehicle (MAV) drift free in 4DoF and metric velocity. Our approach only requires two consecutive images with a minimum of three feature matches. It does not require any (point) map nor any type(More)
Micro air vehicles such as miniature rotorcrafts require high-precision and fast localization updates for their control, but cannot carry large payloads. Therefore, only small and light-weight sensors and processing units can be deployed on such platforms, favoring vision-based solutions that use light weight cameras and run on small embedded computing(More)
In this paper a new stereo algorithm is presented for computing dense disparity maps from stereo image pairs using a cost relaxation approach, where the disparity map is the momentary state of a dynamic system. Following biologically motivated cooperative approaches a disparity space is defined with cooperating probability variables. In a first step a(More)
A Feature and Pose Constrained Extended Kalman Filter (FPC-EKF) is developed for highly dynamic computationally constrained micro aerial vehicles. Vehicle localization is achieved using only a low performance inertial measurement unit and a single camera. The FPC-EKF framework augments the vehicle's state with both previous vehicle poses and critical(More)
We address obstacle avoidance for outdoor flight of micro air vehicles. The highly textured nature of outdoor scenes enables camera-based perception, which will scale to very small size, weight, and power with very wide, two-axis field of regard. In this paper, we use forward-looking stereo cameras for obstacle detection and a downward-looking camera as an(More)
This paper presents a new stereo algorithm for computing dense disparity maps from stereo image pairs by a global cost relaxation, realized as an optimization problem, where the disparity map is the momentary state of a dynamic process. Following the natural role model of the human visual system, we assign a set of possible disparities to each image pixel(More)
Direct-lift micro air vehicles have important applications in reconnaissance. In order to conduct persistent surveillance in urban environments, it is essential that these systems can perform autonomous landing maneuvers on elevated surfaces that provide high vantage points without the help of any external sensor and with a fully contained on-board software(More)
Unmanned micro air vehicles (MAVs) will play an important role in future reconnaissance and search and rescue applications. In order to conduct persistent surveillance and to conserve energy, MAVs need the ability to land, and they need the ability to enter (ingress) buildings and other structures to conduct reconnaissance. To be safe and practical under a(More)