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The probiotic Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) is widely used to maintain remission in ulcerative colitis. This is thought to be mediated by various immunomodulatory and barrier-stabilizing effects in the intestine. In this study, the mechanisms of barrier modulation by EcN were studied in the human epithelial HT-29/B6 cell culture model.EcN supernatant(More)
AIMS The pathogenic potential of Arcobacter butzleri isolates on human (HT-29/B6) and porcine epithelial (IPEC-J2) cells was investigated by in vitro assays. METHODS AND RESULTS Five of six A. butzleri isolates were able to adhere and invade HT-29/B6 cells while only four isolates adhered and two invaded IPEC-J2 cells. Two non- or poorly invasive A.(More)
BACKGROUND Arcobacter butzleri causes watery diarrhea and bacteremia. Although, recently, more cases of diarrhea have been caused by Arcobacter species, very little is known about its pathogenesis, the identification of which is the aim of this study. METHODS Human HT-29/B6 colonic epithelial monolayers were apically inoculated with A. butzleri.(More)
Yersinia enterocolitica is a common cause of acute gastroenteritis. This study aimed to clarify the mechanisms leading to barrier dysfunction and diarrhea. Exposure of human colonic HT-29/B6 cells to Y. enterocolitica resulted in a decrease in transepithelial resistance from 404±23 to 163±21 Ω cm² (P<0.001) in parallel with an increase in mannitol (182 Da)(More)
BACKGROUND Aeromonads cause a variety of infections, including gastroenteritis, sepsis, and wound necrosis. Pathogenesis of Aeromonas hydrophila and its hemolysin has been characterized, but the mechanism of the epithelial barrier dysfunction is currently poorly understood. METHODS Human colon epithelial monolayers HT-29/B6 were apically inoculated with(More)
Campylobacter concisus infections of the gastrointestinal tract can be accompanied by diarrhea and inflammation, whereas colonization of the human oral cavity might have a commensal nature. We focus on the pathophysiology of C. concisus and the effects of different clinical oral and fecal C. concisus strains on human HT-29/B6 colon cells. Six oral and eight(More)
Antibiotic therapy disrupts the human intestinal microbiota. In some patients rapid overgrowth of the enteric bacterium Klebsiella oxytoca results in antibiotic-associated hemorrhagic colitis (AAHC). We isolated and identified a toxin produced by K. oxytoca as the pyrrolobenzodiazepine tilivalline and demonstrated its causative action in the pathogenesis of(More)
OBJECTIVE α-Haemolysin (HlyA) influences host cell ionic homeostasis and causes concentration-dependent cell lysis. As a consequence, HlyA-producing Escherichia coli is capable of inducing 'focal leaks' in colon epithelia, through which bacteria and antigens translocate. This study addressed the role of HlyA as a virulence factor in the pathogenesis of(More)
Campylobacter (C.) is one of the most common food-borne pathogen causing bacterial enteric infections in humans. Consumption of meat and meat products that have been contaminated with Campylobacter are the major source of infection. Pigs are a natural reservoir of Campylobacter spp. with C. coli as the dominant species. Even though some studies focussed on(More)
Infection with Yersinia enterocolitica causes acute diarrhea in early childhood. A mouse infection model presents new findings on pathological mechanisms in the colon. Symptoms involve diarrhea with watery feces and weight loss that have their functional correlates in decreased transepithelial electrical resistance and increased fluorescein permeability. Y.(More)