Roland Axmann

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy of a murine anti-interleukin-6 receptor (anti-IL-6R) antibody in directly blocking tumor necrosis factor (TNF)- and RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis in vitro and in vivo. METHODS The efficacy of a murine antibody against IL-6R in blocking osteoclast differentiation of mononuclear cells stimulated with RANKL was(More)
There has been a consistent gap in understanding how TNF-α neutralization affects the disease state of arthritis patients so rapidly, considering that joint inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic condition with structural changes. We thus hypothesized that neutralization of TNF-α acts through the CNS before directly affecting joint inflammation.(More)
Autoimmunity is complicated by bone loss. In human rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the most severe inflammatory joint disease, autoantibodies against citrullinated proteins are among the strongest risk factors for bone destruction. We therefore hypothesized that these autoantibodies directly influence bone metabolism. Here, we found a strong and specific(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic inflammatory diseases are associated with bone loss and an enhanced fracture risk. It is unknown, however, whether low-grade inflammation in healthy individuals, as estimated by the high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level, interferes with bone metabolism and affects the risk of nontraumatic fractures. METHODS Lifetime bone(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether Treg cells can suppress osteoclast differentiation, and to define a new potential link between the immune system and the skeleton. METHODS Regulatory CD4+,CD25+,Foxp3+ T cells were isolated and purified from the spleen and cocultured with CD11b+ osteoclast precursor cells isolated from bone marrow. Osteoclastogenesis and(More)
Abelson kinase (c-abl) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) are key players in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antifibrotic potential of dasatinib and nilotinib, 2 novel inhibitors of c-abl and PDGF, which are well tolerated and have recently been approved. Dasatinib and nilotinib(More)
OBJECTIVE Activation of p38 MAPK is a key signaling step in chronic inflammation. Inhibition of p38 MAPK is considered to be a promising future strategy to control inflammatory diseases, but studies of compounds to inhibit this kinase have so far been limited to investigation of their side effects. We undertook the present study to investigate which(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the pathologic nature of features termed "bone erosion" and "bone marrow edema" (also called "osteitis) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of joints affected by rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS RA patients scheduled for joint replacement surgery (metacarpophalangeal or proximal interphalangeal joints) underwent MRI on the(More)
CTLA-4 is a regulator of co-stimulation and inhibits the activation of T cells through interfering with the interaction of CD80/86 on antigen-presenting cells with CD28 on T cells. CTLA-4 binds to the surface of antigen-presenting cells, such as dendritic cells and monocytes through CD80/86. Monocytes can differentiate in osteoclasts, the primary bone(More)
Eicosanoids are essential mediators of the inflammatory response and contribute both to the initiation and the resolution of inflammation. Leukocyte-type 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LO) represents a major enzyme involved in the generation of a subclass of eicosanoids, including the anti-inflammatory lipoxin A(4) (LXA(4)). Nevertheless, the impact of 12/15-LO(More)