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Autoimmunity is complicated by bone loss. In human rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the most severe inflammatory joint disease, autoantibodies against citrullinated proteins are among the strongest risk factors for bone destruction. We therefore hypothesized that these autoantibodies directly influence bone metabolism. Here, we found a strong and specific(More)
Abelson kinase (c-abl) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) are key players in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antifibrotic potential of dasatinib and nilotinib, 2 novel inhibitors of c-abl and PDGF, which are well tolerated and have recently been approved. Dasatinib and nilotinib(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the efficacy of a murine anti-interleukin-6 receptor (anti-IL-6R) antibody in directly blocking tumor necrosis factor (TNF)- and RANKL-mediated osteoclastogenesis in vitro and in vivo. METHODS The efficacy of a murine antibody against IL-6R in blocking osteoclast differentiation of mononuclear cells stimulated with RANKL was(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether Treg cells can suppress osteoclast differentiation, and to define a new potential link between the immune system and the skeleton. METHODS Regulatory CD4+,CD25+,Foxp3+ T cells were isolated and purified from the spleen and cocultured with CD11b+ osteoclast precursor cells isolated from bone marrow. Osteoclastogenesis and(More)
There has been a consistent gap in understanding how TNF-α neutralization affects the disease state of arthritis patients so rapidly, considering that joint inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic condition with structural changes. We thus hypothesized that neutralization of TNF-α acts through the CNS before directly affecting joint inflammation.(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic inflammatory diseases are associated with bone loss and an enhanced fracture risk. It is unknown, however, whether low-grade inflammation in healthy individuals, as estimated by the high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) level, interferes with bone metabolism and affects the risk of nontraumatic fractures. METHODS Lifetime bone(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of pain and physical disability in middle-aged and older individuals. We undertook this study to determine predictors of the development of severe OA, apart from age and overweight. METHODS Joint replacement surgery due to severe hip or knee OA was recorded over a 15-year period in the prospective Bruneck(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the pathologic nature of features termed "bone erosion" and "bone marrow edema" (also called "osteitis) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of joints affected by rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS RA patients scheduled for joint replacement surgery (metacarpophalangeal or proximal interphalangeal joints) underwent MRI on the(More)
Eicosanoids are essential mediators of the inflammatory response and contribute both to the initiation and the resolution of inflammation. Leukocyte-type 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LO) represents a major enzyme involved in the generation of a subclass of eicosanoids, including the anti-inflammatory lipoxin A(4) (LXA(4)). Nevertheless, the impact of 12/15-LO(More)
BACKGROUND Arthropathy is one of the earliest and most common manifestations of hereditary haemochromatosis with a significant impact on quality of life. Although its radiographic features are well known, there is no assessment tool for their evaluation. OBJECTIVE To develop and validate a novel scoring system for the evaluation of radiographic features(More)